Med Sci Tech 2: Bacteria/Virus Bio Textbook

14 terms by ths-hayes 

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strep(strepto)

stick together in long chains

staph(staphylo)

stick together in clusters

mono

single

diplo

in pairs

bacilli(bacillus)

rod shaped bacteria

cocci(coccus)

spherical shaped bacteria

spirilla(spirillum)

spiral shaped bacteria

endospore

protective 'spore' form of bacteria with a thick internal wall to protect the genetic material and cytoplasm

antibiotic

compound that blocks the growth and reproduction of bacteria

sterilization

process of destroying bacteria by subjecting them to extreme heat or chemical action

capsid

the outer protein coat of a virus

bacteriophage

a virus that infects only bacteria

prophage

the viral DNA that has become incorporated into the host cell DNA

retrovirus

virus that contains only RNA as its genetic material

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