Exploring Creation With General Science Mod. 9-16

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Module 9 - 16

Appendicular skeleton

The portion of the skeleton that attaches to the axial skeleton and has the limbs attached to it

Arteries

Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart

Atom

The smallest unit of matter in creation

Autonomic nervous system

The system of nerves that carries instructions from the CNS to the body's organisms

Axial skeleton

The portion of the skeleton that supports the head, neck, and trunk

Basal metabolic rate

The minimum amount of energy needed every day

Capillaries

Tiny thin-walled blood vessels that allow the exchange of gasses and nutrients between the blood and cells

Carnivore

A consumer that only eats other consumers

Cell

The smallest unit of life in creation

Consumers

Organisms that eat producers and/or other consumers

Decomposer

Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms

Digestion

The process by which an organism breaks down its food into small units which can be absorbed

Eukaryotic Cell

A cell with organelles

Exoskeleton

A body covering made of chitin that provides support and protection

Gland

A group of cells that prepare and release a chemical for use by the body

Herbivore

A consumer that eats producers only

Hormone

A chemical released in the bloodstream that sends signals to specific cells, causing them to change their behavior in specific ways

Metabolism

The process by which a living organism takes energy from its surroundings and uses it to sustain itself, develop, and grow

Molecule

Two or more atoms linked together to make a substance with unique properties

Motor nervous system

The system of nerves which carries instructions from the CNS to the skeletal muscles

Omnivore

A consumer that eats both plants and other consumers

Pathogen

An organism that causes disease

Photosynthesis

The process by which a plant uses the energy of the sunlight and certain chemicals to produce its own food

Producers

Organisms that produce their own food

Prokaryotic Cell

A cell that has no organelles

Receptors

Structures that allow Organisms to sense their surroundings

Sensory nervous system

The system of nerves which carries information from the body's receptors to the CNS

Symbiosis

Two or more organisms living together so that they benefit from each other

Vaccine

A weakened or inactive version of a pathogen that stimulates the body's production of antibodies which can destroy the pathogen

Vegetative Reproduction

The process by which the stem of a plant can form new roots and develop into a mature plant

Veins

Blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart

Vitamin

A chemical substance essential for the normal working human body

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