A meeting of party members to select delegates backing one or another primary candidate.
An electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority, used in almost all American elections.
two party system
An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in national elections.
The political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks.
A local or state political party that is largely supported by another organization in the community.
-Example: Democrats around Detroit and the UAW
The social rewards (sense of pleasure, status, or companionship) that lead people to join political organizations.
A party that values principled stands on issues above all else.
A party organization that recruits members by dispensing patronage.
Party leaders and elected officials who became delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
Day to day party manager elected by the national committee.
congressional campaign committee
A party committee in Congress that provides funds to members and would be members.
Delegates who run party affairs between national conventions.
A meeting of party delegates held every four years.
party column ballot
A ballot listing all candidates of a given party together under the name of that party; also called an Indiana ballot.
office bloc ballot
A ballot listing all candidates of a given office under the home of that office; also called a Massachusetts ballot.
Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
Voting for candidates who are all the same party.
critical or realignment period
Periods when a major, lasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one or both parties.
mugwumps or progressives
Republican party faction of the 1890s to the 1910s, composed of reformers who opposed patronage.
A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office.
label, organization, set of leaders
a political party exists in three political arenas.
-a ________ in the minds of the voters, as an _____________ that recruits and campaigns for candidates, and as a _____ ____ _________ who try to organize and control the legislative and executive branches of government.
-a powerful party is strong in all of those
As a label with which voters identify, the parties are probably much __________ than they were in the nineteenth century, but only somewhat weaker than they were forty years ago.
As a set of leaders who organize government, especially Congress, political parties remain somewhat _________ in ways that will be described in chapter 13
As organizations that nominate and elect candidates, parties have become dramatically _____________ since the 1960's
-almost the only way a person can become a candidate for elective office is to be nominated by party leaders
-Campaigns are run by the party, using party funds and workers, and not by the candidate.
-elected officials are expected to vote and act ____________ with other members of their part
-principle criterion by which voters choose among candidates is their party id or label
-has been changing recently
federal system decentralizes parties (federalism meant that political parties would acquire jobs and money from local sources and fight local contest. In turn, this meant that the nat political parties woud be coalitions of local parties, and though these coalitions would have a keen interest in capturing the presidency (due to control of large numbers of federal jobs), the nat party leaders rarely had as much power as the local ones. ); regulations, such as having primary elections (there is no such thing in Europe, one must convince the party leaders to put your name on the ballot. This also means that the people running for office owe little to the party leaders; president does not have a way to reward "faithful" party members; political culture (americans don't let parties do anything but politics, some other countries let parties get involved in other things too)
factors that explain striking difference between American and European political parties.
there have been _______ broad periods of party history
when political parties were created (founding to 1820s); when the more or less stable two-party system emerged (roughly from President Jackson to the Civil War); when parties developed a comprehensive organizational form and appeal (roughly from the Civil War to the 1930s); and finally when party "reform" began to alter the party system (beginning in the early 1900's but taking effect chiefly since the New Deal)
periods of political party history
1824 with Jackson's first run for the presidency
the second party system emerged around
mass political participation (partly due to laws that expanded the number of people eligible to vote, and partly due to an increase in the population)
major feature of the second party system
Jeffersonian Republicans defeated the Federalists
the realignment of 1800 occurred because of...
Jacksonian Democrats rise to power
The realignment of 1828 occurred due to the
the Whig party collapse and the Republicans under Lincoln came to power
the realignment of 1860 was about
the Republicans defeating William Jennings Bryan
the realignment of 1896 was about
the Democrats under Roosevelt came into office (New Deal)
The realignment of 1932 was about
by __________ parties could not straddle the fence on the slavery issue
Economics (city vs farm split, pg 199)
in 1896 _________ were at stake
in 1932 both __________ and a change in __________ composition occurred
with political parties, pretty much an entirely _____________ organization exists at each level (pg 201)
A contribution to a political party that is not accounted as going to a particular candidate, thus avoiding various legal limitations.
in the delegate allocation formulas, Democrats favor _________ states, and Republicans favor _________ states
in the world at large, a two-party system is a ________