a group of citizens united by ideology and seeking control of govn't in order to promote their ideas and policies.
Burkes two forms of representation, plus a third
delegates, trustees, the responsible party
Responsible Party Model's four conditions
clear choice of ideologies
candidates pledged to ideas
party held accountable by voters
party control over members
Responsible Party Model
each party has a coherent, detailed platform of issues and positions, and when you vote for a candidate from one party or another you know that they will vote in a certain way
VO Key: "Trinitarian View" 3 ways to view political parties
Parties in electorate, parties in government, parties in organizations
Parties in organizations (trinitarian view)
Represents system of central committees at national, state and local levels
What do Party organizations do
raise money for campaigns, recruit and nominate candidates. Organize and facilitate campaigns, register voters, mobilize voters to polls, conduct party conventions and caucuses and draft party platforms
Parties in Government: (trinitarian view)
all candidates for national, state and local office who have been elected. Ensure responsibility of government actions.
parties in electorate (trinitarian view)
represents ordinary citizens who identify with or have attachment to parties.
voter affiliation with party
where voters gain their attachment to parties thru family
attached to partisanship: division of society into distinct groups
the members of a political party who consistently vote for that partys candidates
"Party Faithful" rank and file who actually carry out the partys electioneering efforts
public opinion divides. moderate voices often lose power and influence as a consequence.