the field of computer science devoted to making computers perceive, reason, and act in ways that have, until now, been reserved for human beings.
artificial life (or Alife)
systems related to life, its processes, and its evolution through simulations that use computer models, robotics, and biochemistry.
the process of using software to translate written or spoken communication from one natural language to another.
computerized sound input
computerized voice output that mimics human speech
artificial intelligence concepts applied to networks rather than to individual computers
an information system or software program designed to replicate the decision-making process of a human expert
expert system shell
a generic expert system containing human interfaces and inference engines
a rule of thumb
the process of identifying objects and shapes in a photograph, drawing, video, or other visual image.
a database that contains both facts and a system of rules for determining and changing the relationship among those facts
artificial intelligence techniques that make it possible for machine performance to improve based on feedback from past performance
language that people speak and write every day
neural network (neural net)
a distributed, parallel computing system inspired by the structure of the human brain
optical character recognition (OCR)
locating and identifying printed characters embeddedin an image, allowing the text to be stored as an editable document. OCR can be performed by wand readers, pen scanners, and OCR software.
using multiple processors to divide jobs into pieces and work simultaneously on the pieces
parsing program (parser)
in translation, a program that analyzes sentecne structure and identifies each word according to its part of speech. Another program looksup each word in a translation dictionary and substitutes the appropriate word.
identifying recurring patterns in input data with the goal of understanding or categorizing that input.
understands natural-language questions and provides answers to those questions by drawing on a base of stored knowledge from a broad array of disciplines.
a computer-controlled machine desinged to perform specific manual tasks
an artificial-intelligence technique wherein the computer looks ahead at the possible outcomes of a given action, such as a move in a game of chess
the underlying meaning of words and phrases
a possible future point in time when artificial intelligence technology advances to the point where machines can improve, advance, and program themselves without human intervention
the identification of spoken words and sentences by a computer, making it possible for voice input to be converted into text files
the use of software or hardware to allow PC's to recite anything typed, though with voices that sound artificial and robotic.
a set of rules for constructing sentences from words. Every language has a syntax.
speech generated by computers by converting text into phonetic sounds.
a way to test machine intelligence.