This dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.
Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy. (p. 786)
Hitler's book in which he outlined his ideas on race, living space, and the Fuhrer
Lighting war", typed of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939
Recognized the threat of renewed aggression and global war. Became Britian's prime minister
The Third Republic of Germany which began Hitler's rule in 1933 and ended with his defeat in 1945
Charles de Gaulle
the leader of the Free French forces in exile
Battle of Britain
an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
the German air force before and during World War II
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
Leader of Afrika Korps, nicknamed "Desert Fox"
lend lease act
Approved by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941 around 8:00 that morning.
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
United States general who served as chief of staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II.
Japanese city in which the second atomic bomb was dropped (August 9, 1945).
Invasion of Poland
official start of WWII
Japan, Germany, Italy and 6 other countries
US, Britain, France, Soviet Union and 30 other countries
War Bonds and Stamps
Given out by the American government to raise money for the World War II effort
General Dwight Eisenhower
American general in command of the join British and American forces in North Africa
War Production Board
Control of production. helped factories switch from making consumer goods to war materials
three sources of international tension
high war debt on Germany from Treaty of Versailles.
competition of colonies, resources, and markets among Europe
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
Vladimir Lenin renamed Russia the USSR. He had established total communist dictatorship.
Assumed full control of the Communist party and the Soviet Union in 1927. (russia)
General of the National Chinese Government
Chinese Communists leader
American general that commanded the "flying tigers" and flew sorties against the Japanese and fought them in the air
Haile Selassie I
Emperor of Ethiopia
General of Spain who was supported by Germany and Italy
Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and Premier Edouard Daladier
From Britian and from France. Flew to Munich, Germany to confer with HItler and Mussolini.
september 29,1938 dismembered Czechoslovakia by turning over the Sudetenland to Germany. Chamberlain and Daladier agreed to Hitler's demands and signed this
september 1, 1939
Date Nazi moved into Poland
september 3, 1939
Date World War II bagan
Nazi dive bombers
Treblinka and Auschwitz
Two of the most infamous Nazi concentration camps located in Poland
Was installed as the head of the Nazi puppet government, now moved to London.
Small zone of southern France (the capital) that escaped going under German conrtol
Luftwaffe would destroy the British people by one month of constant air raids
Genera "Mud" and General "Winter"
Russia's two great allies
America First COmmittee
Formed by Colonel Charles A. Lindebergh. Dedicated to keeping the US out of a general European war
Neutrality Act of 1937
Continued the terms of the earlier legislation and adopted the important "cash-and-carry" principle for dealing with warring nations
Neutraltiy Act of 1939
Designed to keep US out of war,but only succeeded in sacrificing principle of "freedom of the seas"
Selective Service Act
Required all men of 18-65 to register with their local draft boards
General Hideki Tojo
Japanese extremely militaristic new general that strained American and Japanese relations to the breaking point
December 7, 1941
date of Pearl harbor attack
Office of War Mobilization
Formation of a wartime cabinet-new general staff for the home front
Enabled Allies to win the battle of supple
Women who joined the armed services
Women who joined the women's branch of the navy
"God Bless America" and "White Cristmas"
Two most popular songs during the war years by Irving Berlin