Digestive, Excretory & Reproductive System

26 terms by 14cruzm

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

esophagus

food tube connecting the mouth to the stomach

amylase

enzyme in saliva that breaks the chemical bonds between the sugar monomers in starches

peristalsis

rhythmic muscular contractions that squeeze food through the esophagus into the stomach

stomach

large muscular sac that continues the mechanical digestion of food

chyme

mixture of stomach fluids and food produced in the stomach by contracting stomach muscles

small intestine

digestive organ in which most chemical digestion takes place

pancreas

gland that produces hormones that regulate blood sugar; enzymes that break down carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids; and sodium bicarbonate, a base that neutralizes stomach acid

liver

large organ just above the stomach that produces bile, a fluid loaded with lipids and salts

villus

folded projection that increases the surface area of the walls of the small intestine

large intestine

colon; organ that removes water from the undigested materials that pass through it

kidney

organ that removes urea, excess water and other waste products from the blood and passes them to the ureter

ureter

tube that carries urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder

nephron

small independent blood-filtering unit in the renal cortex of the kidney

glomerulus

small network of capillaries encased in the upper end of a nephron

bowman's capsule

cup-shaped structure in the upper end of a nephron that encases the glomerulus

filtration

process by which fluid from the blood filters into bowman's capsule in the kidney's

reabsorption

process by which most of the material removed from the blood at bowman's capsule makes its way back into the blood

urethra

tube through which urine and semen are released from the body

seminiferous tubule

one of the hundreds of tiny tubules in the testes in which sperm are produced

epididymis

structure in the male reproductive system in which sperm fully mature and are stored

vas deferens

tube that carries sperm from the epididymis to the urethra

follicle

cluster of cells surrounding a single egg in the human female reproductive system

ovulation

process in which an egg is released from the ovary

fallopian tube

one of the two fluid-filled tubes in human females through which an egg passes after its release from an ovary

uterus

organ of the female reproductive system in which a fertilized egg can develop

menstruation

last phase of the menstrual cycle, during which the lining of the uterus along with the blood and unfertilized egg, is discharged through the vagina

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set