Unit 13-14 VOCAB

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Abet

to encourage, assist, aid, support (especially in something wrong or unworthy)

Aver

to affirm, declare confidently

Aver

assert, asseverate, avouch

Blatant

noisy in a coarse, offensive way; obvious or conspicuous, especially in an unfavorable sense

Blatant

flagrant, glaring, egregious, disagreeably loud

Broach

to bring up or begin to talk about; to announce, introduce; to break the surface of the water; to turn sideways to the wind and waves; to pierce (a keg or cask) in order to draw off liquid; a spit for roasting; a tool for tapping casks

Buttress

to support, prop up, strengthen/ a supporting structure

Buttress

bolster, reinforce, brace, shore up

Carousal

noisy revelry or merrymaking (often with a suggestion of heavy drinking)

Carousal

drinking bout, drunken level, binge

Collate

to compare critically in order to note differences, similarities, etc; to arrange in order for some specific purpose

Collate

sort-out, cross-check, rearrange

Connoisseur

an expert; one who is well qualified to pass critical judgments, especially in one of the fine arts

Connoisseur

authority, savant, pundit

Disconsolate

deeply unhappy or dejected; without hope, beyond consolation

Disconsolate

grief-stricken, inconsolable, comfortless

Encumber

to weigh down or burden (with difficulties, cares, debt, etc); to fill up, block up, hinder

Encumber

overload, saddle, hamper, clog

Foment

to promote trouble or rebellion; to apply warm liquids to, warm

Foment

instigate, incite, stir up

Grisly

frightful, horrible, ghastly

Grisly

gruesome, gory, hideous

Herculean

relating to Hercules; characterized by great strength; very hard to do in the sense of requiring unusual strength

Herculean

mighty, powerful, arduous, onerous, colossal

Impassive

showing no feeling or emotion; inanimate; motionless

Impassive

emotionless, stoical, unemotional, insensible

Inauspicious

unfavorable, unlucky, suggesting bad luck for the future

Inauspicious

unpropitious, unpromising, untimely

Incontrovertible

unquestionable, beyond dispute

Incontrovertible

incontestable, indisputable, indubitable

Nonplussed

puzzled, not knowing what to do, at a loss

Nonplussed

perplexed, baffled, stumped, flabbergasted

Opportune

suitable or convenient for a particular purpose; occurring at an appropriate time

Opportune

timely, appropriate, felicitous

Prolific

abundantly productive; abundant, profuse

Prolific

fruitful, fecund, proliferous

Rejoinder

a reply, especially form the defendant in a legal suit

Rejoinder

answer, reply, response, riposte, retort

Amenable

willing to follow advice or authority, tractable, submissive; responsive; liable to be held responsible

Amenable

agreeable, compliant, docile

Berate

to scold sharply

Berate

chide, rebuke, reprove, reprimand

Carnage

large-scale slaughter or loss of life

Carnage

butchery, bloodbath, massacre

Credulous

too ready to believe, easily deceived

Credulous

gullible

Criterion

a rule test; a standard for judgment or evaluation

Criterion

yardstick, touchstone, gauge, canon

Deplete

to use up as a result of spending or consumption; to diminish greatly

Deplete

exhaust, empty, drain, bankrupt

Expatiate

to expand on, write or talk at length or in detail; to move about freely

Expatiate

elaborate, enlarge, descant, wander, roam

Extraneous

coming from the outside, foreign; present but not essential, irrelevant

Extraneous

incidental, extrinsic

Inception

the beginning, start, earliest stage of some process, institution, etc

Inception

commencement, inauguration, outset

Infirmity

a weakness or ailment (physical, mental, moral, etc)

Infirmity

affliction, malady, defect

Jejune

lacking in nutritive value; lacking in interest or substance; immature, juvenile

Jejune

vapid, insipid, puerile, childish

Obdurate

stubborn, unyielding

Obdurate

obstinate, adamant

Potpourri

a collection of diverse or miscellaneous items; a general mixture; petals mixed with spices for scent

Potpourri

hodgepodge, melange, farrago, medley

Precocious

showing unusually early development (especially in talents and mental capacity)

Precocious

forward, gifted, advanced

Sadistic

delighting in cruelty, excessively cruel

Sadistic

brutal, vicious, inhuman, fiendish

Sententious

self-righteous, characterized by moralizing; given to use of maxims or adages; saying much in few words; pithy

Sententious

aphoristic, epigrammatic, moralistic

Supplicate

to beg earnestly and humbly

Supplicate

plead, petition, implore, entreat

Surfeit

an excess or overindulgence, as in eating or drinking, causing disgust/ to feed or supply with anything to excess

Surfeit

excess, glut, cloy, satiate

Tortuous

winding, twisted, crooked; highly involved, complex; devious

Tortuous

circuitous, serpentine, labyrinthine

Turgid

swollen, bloated, filled to excess; overdecorated or excessive in language

Turgid

inflated, pompous, bombastic, overblown

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