underdeveloped regions in Africa, Asia, & Latin America
A system in which the British would smuggle opium into china in exchange for silver. This system along with military aggression greatly weakened china and allowed Britain and other western powers to open up china to foreign trade and ideals.
an Egyptian prince
the growing number of Europeans migrating to other places around the world during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century
Italian migrants who had no intention of settling abroad permanently, going to Argentina to harvest between December and April and returning to Italy for the spring planting. A frugal worker could save 0-300 in the course of a season.
great white walls
designatory immigration laws designed to keep Asians out
Historians' term for the late-nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century wave of conquests by European powers, the United States, and Japan, which were followed by the development and exploitation of the newly conquered territories.
Boers or descendants of the Dutch in the Cape Colony
Conference that German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called to set rules for the partition of Africa. It led to the creation of the Congo Free State under King Leopold II of Belgium.
white man's burden
the belief that Europeans had a moral responsibility to civilize primitive peoples
the 1857 and 1858 insurrection by Muslim and Hindu mercenaries in the British army which spread throughout northern and central India before finally being crushed, primarily by loyal native troops from southern India. Britain thereafter ruled India directly.
Japanese hereditary military governor
hundred days of reform
leaders of the Meiji Restoration launched a series of reforms in an attempt to meet the foreign challenge