poetry vocab for exam

37 terms by ansleyglenn

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all of the vocabulary from the poetry unit for the English 8th grade end of the year exam

ode

poem with formal language; celebrates a single thing

ballad

a long narrative poem, regular rhyme scheme, usually about lost love, betrayal, or death

lyric

poem that expresses the thoughts of reelings of the author but does not tell a story

free verse

no set rhyme, meter, or line length

epic

long poem with a hero,a quest, and battles

elegy

poem honoring the dead

narrative

a category for poems that tells a story

sonnet

14 line poem with conventional rhyme scheme

allusion

reference to a famous person, place or thing

stanza

a unit of poetry with a set number of lines

onomatopoeia

words that imite their sound

end rhyme

rhyme at the ends of poetry lines

internal rhyme

rhyme withing a line of poetry

imagery

using words that appeal to the five senses

tone

the mood or attitude of the speaker

couplet

pair of rhyming lines, usually same length/meter

heroic couplet

2 rhyming lines of iambic pentameter

quatrain

stanza with 4 lines with rhythm and rhyme scheme

meter

rhythm; pattern of accented and unaccented syllables in poetry

foot

rhythmic unit (2 or 3 syllables) within a line of poetry

scansion

marking the metrical patterns in a line of poetry

alliteration

same starting sound

consoncance

repetition of consonants (often last ones) (blank/thick, strong/string)

theme

important idea or insight in the poem

speaker

the voice in the poem

iambic

2 syllable foot with accent on the 2nd syllable ( U / )

trochaic

2 syllable foot with the accent on the 1st syllable ( / U )

anapestic

3 syllable foot with the accent on the 3rd syllable ( U U / )

dactylic

3 syllable foot with the accent on the 1st syllable ( / U U )

monometer

one foot

dimeter

two feet

trimeter

three feet

tetrameter

four feet

pentameter

five feet

hexameter

six feet

heptameter

seven feet

octameter

eight feet

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