The part of the social bond that refers to the emotional and psychological ties a person has toward other persons' or groups' opinions and feelings.
The part of the social bond that refers to the level of the individual's acceptance of conforming values
The part of the social bond that refers to an individual's investments in conformity.
Refers to attempts to prevent or discourage crime by use of actual or threatened punishments. It is the theoretical basis of policies claiming to "get tough" on crime.
Perceptions of variables that are defined by the individual as having only indirect relevance to his or her thoughts and acts and/ or are somewhat innocuous in their behavioral impact.
The individual's own internal inhibitions against criminal behavior.
Inner Pushes and pulls
The individual's organic or psychological drives and/ or defects that encourage criminal behavior.
The part of the social bond that relates to the degree and amount of participation individuals have in conforming, legal activities.
Normative Personal Reference Groups
Collections of individuals who associate with one another for nonspecific reasons and transmit norms that define group membership
Environmental forces outside the individual that inhibit criminal behavior.
Outer Pressures and Pulls
Environmental forces outside the individual that encourage criminal behavior.
Personal Reference Groups
Groups where people receive support, recognition, approval, and are appreciated for just being themselves.
Perceptions of variables that are defined by the individual as having much direct effect on behavioral choices.
Socio Reference Groups
Groups that have communal objectives; the concerns and obligations of the group are held in common.