The Enabling Act
this act gave Hitler absolute power for four years, which he used to take over the bureaucracy and implant his own sub Nazi groups in government that were only responsible to him. These acts meant that Hitler had attained power of Germany in a legal, legitimate process.
german leader of Nazi Party. 1933-1945. rose to power by promoting racist and national views
The Reichstag Fire
On February 27th, 1933, an ill Dutch communist set fire to the Reichstag building. Hitler then decreed a suspension of civil liberties and arrested communists.
Kurt Von Schleicher
Influential army leader who had supported VON PAPEN (former German diplomat in U.S. in WW I who had been forced to leave because of suspected espionage) as head of a Nationalist government in 1932 then succeeded him and later worked to get Hitler as head of a coalition cabinet. (Nazis were well represented in the Reichstag.)
Hitler's minister of propaganda who was to stage attacks against the Jews that would appear to be a spontaneous popular reaction to the news of the murder
the German republic founded at Weimar in 1919
(RM) was a currency issued on 15 November 1923 to stop the hyperinflation of 1922 and 1923 in Germany. It was subdivided into 100 Rentenpfennig.
Chancellor of Germany in the Weimar Republic
the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
German political party. Formed in 1875 as the Socialist Workers; Party and renamed in 1890, it is Germany oldest and largest single party. Its influence grew until World War I, when centrists led by Karl Kautsky formed the Independent Social Democrats and leftists led by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht formed the Spartacists. The SP right wing under Friedrich Ebert helped crush the Soviet-style uprisings in Germany in 1918, and the party won 37% of the vote in the 1919 elections. The governments acceptance of the Treaty of Versailles and Germanys severe economic problems caused a drop in support in the 1920s. Outlawed by the Nazis in 1933, the party revived after World War II in West Germany and grew steadily, receiving almost 46% of the vote in the 1972 elections. It formed coalition governments with the Christian Democratic Union (1966 - 69) and the Free Democratic Party (1969 - 82). In 1990 it reunited with a newly independent SPD from the former East Germany. The party returned to power in 1998 under Gerhard Schröder, who served as chancellor of Germany until 2005.
Paul von Hindenburg
German field marshal and statesman
Anti-semitic mayor of vienna who influenced hitler in fascist views, anti-semitism, and ruling methods
The Nazis' first attempt to take over power in 1923. They marched on Munich city halls but were put down by police and Hitler was arrested. After this event Hitler became leader of the Nazi party.
stated that in times of emergency can make chancellor dictator, taken advantage by Bruning
German Chancellor under Hindenburg, proposed economic program which no political party could agree on, so he issued article 48, giving him control, and then called for parlimentary elections, where the Nazis and Communists emerged as major parties
Franz von Papen
former German chancellor who supported Hitler becoming chancellor after the cabinet changes of 1932-33
in English means 'My Struggles' or 'My battle,' is a book dictated by Adolf Hitler. It combines elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitler's National Socialist political
parliamentary organization of Nazi party that helped Hitler come to power, brown shirts, Hitler eventually saw them as a threat and purged them of their power
Hitler's personal nazi army, aka brown shirts
Hitler's secret police
head of the "Storm Troopers"; loyal aid to Hitler; killed by Hitler.
A German general. He guided German military operations, and most German leaders to make one final military gamble- a grand offensive in the west to break the military stalemate. He informed German leaders the war was lost, and they should sue for peace.
The Hossbach Memorandum
Meeting in which Hitler outlined his military plans. Apparently he did not want a full out war with France and Britain until 1941 at the earliest. Until then, he wanted small wars of plunder to finance his economy.
The Nurenburg Laws
The Nuremberg Laws (German: Nürnberger Gesetze) of 1935 were antisemitic laws in Nazi Germany introduced at the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party. After the takeover of power in 1933 by Hitler, Nazism became an official ideology incorporating antisemitism as a form of scientific racism. There was a rapid growth in German legislation directed at Jews, such as the Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service which banned "non-Aryans" from the civil-service.
The Night of the Long Knives
Hitler killed most of his SA in order to gain power over the army
Four Year Plan
was a short-term national investment plan; a series of economic reforms created by the Nazi Party; sought to reduce unemployment; increase synthetic fibre production; undertake public works projects; increased automobile production; initiate numerous building and architectural projects; and further develop the Autobahn system; emphasized building up the nation's military defenses, in direct violation of the terms set by the Allies of World War I at the Treaty of Versailles
Marinus van der Lubbe
Dutch communist found by the police in the burning Reichstafg
policy by which Czechoslovakia, Great Britain and France agreed to Germany's annexation of the Sudetenland in agreement for not taking any additional Czech territory.
The Munich Conference
Conference in which Hitler convinced Neville Chamberlain and Edouard Dadalier to give him the Sudetenland.
The Locarno Treaty
1925; leaders of League of Nations & Germany meet in Switzerland, agree to provide Germany with a seat, Germany agrees to keep Rhineland demilitarized & not to violate borders of France/Belgium