When multiple words start with the same consonant. (Peter Piper Picked a Peck of Pickled Peppers.)
A reference to a historical/mythological/literary work. (She was a s spirited as Elizabeth Bennet.)
A comparison between two similar things; one is usually more familiar than the other. (As a bit girl, I didn't really understand the football rivalry between the Cowboys and Eagles until my brother explained it as an analogy to the rivalry between Edward and Jacob.)
an address to someone absent, often set off in commas. (Oh, dreadful NBC, how dare you take away my Conan!)
like alliteration, except the repeated sounds across multiple are vowels rather than consonants. (Will you tilt at the windmill?)
An exaggerated portrait of a person. (Over time, Ned Flanders went from being the nice guy next door to being a caricature of the religious right.)
the associations with a word, as opposed to the actual meaning. (The connotation of Democrat may change dramatically if it's being said by Al Franken or by Rush Limbaugh.)
the literal, exact meaning of the word. (the dictionary definition of the word is denotation.)
intense exaggeration or overstatement. (If Chuck isn't renewed for another season, I'll pluck out my own eyeballs!)
the incongruity between what is expected and what occurs; when a statement in context may mean the opposite of what is literally written. Usually humorous.
something used, in a non-literal sense, to represent or describe something else. (You are the sunshine of my life.)
when two contradictory terms are used together. (Jumbo Shrimp! Friendly Fire!)
a spoof or satirical mimicry. (Saturday Night Live has recently produced successful parodies of popular songs, most notable "D*** in a Box")
giving non-humans (animals, objects, weather) specifically human attributes. (One reason lolcats are so popular is because they can speak.)
give gods human-like qualities
witty language often used sarcastically. Used to make a political, religious, or societal point
a comparison of one thing to another, using "like" or "as". (My room looks like a tornado blasted through it.)
when one thing is used to represent something else. (A nation's flag is used as a symbol for that nation)
an explicit statement of a passage's main point.
when the writer makes something sound less dire or serious than it is, often used humorously. ("I don't want to alarm anybody, but Jeff's on fire.")
Refers to the writer's vocabulary choices
the atmosphere the writer or speaker creates
two or more phrase which use a similar structure.
the attitude of the writer
A rhetorical device where two contrasting ideas are directly compared in speech.
a pithy and short statement.
a regional statement, not high English, that drifts into dialect/slang
instructive, to an excessive extent; overtly moral lessons.
a substitution of "nice words" instead of a word that might offend.
where an argument is derived from detailed facts:inferences based on patterns.
very hard language.
the substitution of the name of an object closely associated with a word for the word itself. (often, people use "Washington" to refer to the U.S. government.)
deductive reasoning where a conclusion is derived from premises.
a figure of speech where a part of an object is used to refer to the entire object. (Lend me your ears - Ears=People)
the use of inharmonious sounds in close conjuction for effect.
use of compatible, harmonious sounds to produce a pleasant, melodious effect.
Details used in descriptive writing that represent auditory, visual, tactile, gustatory, and olfactory qualities.
form of understatement in which the negative of an antonym is used to achieve emphasis and intensity.
Surprising analogy whereby is intellectual cleverness is achieved through unusual comparison.
Natual sounds are imitated in the sounds of the words.
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense, but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.
Story is told through viewpoint of character
Limited Third Person
This narrator presents the feelings and thoughts of only one character and can only tell the actions of the remaining characters.
Third Person Omniscient
third person with godlike knowledge. All knowing narrator who can reveal what each character feels and thinks at any given moment.
the emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work.
Intellectually amusing language, usually terse
Speaker's disposition or opinion toward a subject
Refer to a writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness,clearness, or effectiveness.
the structure or word order of a sentence.
Inversion of the usual order of words.
Similar to mood, tone describes an author's attitude toward his material, audience, or both.
It involves repeating a word or expression while adding more detail to it in order to emphasize what might otherwise be passed over. (This orchard, this lovely, shady orchard, is the main reason I bought this property.)
repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next
repetition of a word or words at the beginning of two or more successive verses, clauses, or sentences.
placing a good point or benefit next to a fault, criticism, or problem, in order to reduce the impact or significance of the negative point.
deliberate omission of conjunctions from a series of related independent clauses. tight concise, and forceful sentence
a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed ("Susan walked in, and out rushed Mary.")
Repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase as a method of emphasis. (We will do it, I tell you, we will do it.)
repetition at the end of a clause of the word that occurs at the beginning of the clause; tends to make the sentence or clause in which it occurs stand apart from its surroundings (Breakfast was over, and none had breakfasted)
a rhetorical figure by which tghe same word or phrase is repeated at the end of successive sentences
repetition of one word for emphasis. (The best way to describe this portion of South America is lush, lush, lush.
substituting the name of a famous person for a description (He's a real Einstein)
raising a question then proceeding to answer it.
making one idea more dramatic by placing it next to its opposite. (My goodness is often chastened by my sense of sin.)
modifies a statement by recalling it and expressing it in a better way (Max is the best of all bichons, nay of all dogs.)
similarity in structure and syntax in a series of related words, phrases, clauses, sentences, or paragraphs that develops balance. Ex. "When you are right, you cannot be too radical; when you are wrong, you cannot be too conservative"- MLK
writing successive independent clauses , the placing together of sentances, clauses, or phrases without a conjunctive word or words ex. i came ,i saw,i conquered
using several conjunctions in close succession, especially where some might be omitted (as in 'he ran and jumped and laughed for joy')
When author significantly alters his or her diction.
expressing an idea in a string of generally similar phrases or statements
"We succeeded, we were victorious, we thrashed the other team!"
deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises
Sentence consisting of three pars of equal importance and length, usually three independent clauses.
two or more elements are tied, linked, or yoked together by another part of speech.