determined to preserve the Union, by force if necessary; issued the Emancipation Proclamation; wrote the Gettysburg Address
president of the Confederate States of America
Ulysses S. Grant
was general of the Union army that defeated Lee
Robert E. Lee
leader of the Northern VA Army; opposed secession, but did not believe the Union should be held together by force; urged fellow Southerners to accept defeat and reunite as Americans.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
skilled Confedrate General from Virginia
former enslaved African American who escaped to the North and became an abolitionist.