canadas first prime minister, quickly expanded Canada westward by purchasing lands and persuading frontier territories to join the Canadian union. Canada stretched to the Pacific Ocean by 1871. ________ also began the construction of a transcontinental railroad to unite distant parts of the dominion.
urged two major reforms.First, Upper and Lower Canada should be reunited as the Province of Canada, and British immigration should be encour- aged. In this way, Durham said, the French would slowly become part of the dominant English culture. Second, colonists in the provinces of Canada should be allowed to govern themselves in domestic matters. Parliament should regulate only in matters of for- eign policy. Within ten years, both proposals had been carried out.
one of the worst famines of modern history. Irish peasants had depended on potatoes and a plant fungus ruined nearly all of Ireland's potato crop. Out of a population of 8 million, about a million people died from starvation and disease over the next few years.