History Chapter 13

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Which statement about population growth in the period of 1800-1850 is NOT true? 1) _______ A) The national base population increased by almost five times. B) The percentage of Americans living in the West grew slowly. C) Through purchase and conquest, the land area of the nation more than tripled. D) Large families became the norm in rural society.

B) The percentage of Americans living in the West grew slowly.

What pattern in the location of slavery occurred in the period of 1790-1860? 2) _______ A) an increase in the overall percentage of slavery located in the South Atlantic region B) a decrease in the use of slaves in both the South Atlantic and Old Southwest regions C) a rejection of the use of slavery in the Old Southwest while it increased elsewhere D) a large movement of slavery from the South Atlantic to the Old Southwest

D) a large movement of slavery from the South Atlantic to the Old Southwest

Which of the following was NOT a territory in 1850? 3) _______ A) New Mexico B) Minnesota C) Oregon D) Wisconsin

D) Wisconsin

Which state was the last one to gain statehood in the Old Northwest? 4) _______ A) Ohio B) Indiana C) Illinois D) Wisconsin

D) Wisconsin

Short-staple cotton became a major profit-maker for all of the following reasons EXCEPT: 5) _______ A) Eli Whitney's cotton gin made it easier to remove its abundant amount of sticky seeds. B) the majority of settlers in the Old Southwest owned large plantations that grew it. C) it could be grown easily in various growing conditions. D) England was a major market for the product.

B) the majority of settlers in the Old Southwest owned large plantations that grew it.

By the 1840s, over half the value of American exports was derived from: 6) _______ A) corn. B) wheat. C) rice. D) cotton.

D) cotton.

Keys to the wealth of the Old Southwest included all of the following EXCEPT: 7) _______ A) abundant, fertile land. B) the use of slave labor. C) the growth of nonagricultural pursuits. D) the successful growth of cotton as an export.

C) the growth of nonagricultural pursuits.

Before 1850, who was the dominant power on the north and central Great Plains? A) whites who had migrated from the South B) the Cherokees who had been removed from their homeland C) the United States cavalry D) the warrior-hunters of the Sioux tribe

D) the warrior-hunters of the Sioux tribe

What differences in the fighting of war existed between whites and the Plains Indians? 9) _______ A) The Plains Indians rejected the white man's use of horses in battle. B) The Plains Indians fought to show honor rather than killing many enemies. C) Whites often engaged in war while the Plains Indians were pacifists. D) Whites fought for moral reasons and never for the control of land.

B) The Plains Indians fought to show honor rather than killing many enemies.

A treaty signed in 1818 created joint control of the Oregon Territory by the United States: 10) ______ A) and England. B) and the Nez-Perces Indians. C) and the Sioux Indians. D) and France.

A) and England.

Which town was a starting point on the Oregon Trail? 11) ______ A) Milwaukee, Wisconsin B) Terre Haute, Indiana C) Independence, Missouri D) Amarillo, Texas

C) Independence, Missouri

Even under ideal conditions, the journey on the Oregon Trail took about: 12) ______ A) two weeks. B) two months. C) six months. D) one year.

C) six months.

The greatest cause of the 5,000 deaths that occurred on the Oregon Trail was: 13) ______ A) lack of water. B) starvation. C) disease. D) Indian raids.

C) disease.

Mestizos were usually a mixture of: 14) ______ A) African-American and European-American. B) Indian and African-American. C) Indian and Spanish. D) Spanish and English.

C) Indian and Spanish.

The Comanches were known for: 15) ______ A) the adobe homes that they constructed in Arizona and New Mexico. B) their refusal to use firearms in their method of warfare. C) growing beans, corn, and wheat through intensive agriculture. D) being master horsemen and among the greatest warriors in the West.

D) being master horsemen and among the greatest warriors in the West.

Which practice did settlers bring to Texas that was illegal under Mexican law? 16) ______ A) the sale of huge tracts of land B) slavery C) commercial farming D) land speculation

B) slavery

Tejano was the term for: 17) ______ A) Spanish-speaking Mexicans born in Texas. B) Indians of the southwestern tribes. C) American settlers in Texas. D) American settlers in Texas who accepted Mexican citizenship.

A) Spanish-speaking Mexicans born in Texas.

What happened immediately after General Santa Anna was elected as president of Mexico? 18) ______ A) Texas declared it was part of the United States. B) He overturned the liberal constitution and became a dictator. C) Tejanos immediately attacked his forces at Mexico City. D) Sam Houston crossed the Rio Grande with American forces.

B) He overturned the liberal constitution and became a dictator.

The Mexican army annihilated defenders at: 19) ______ A) the Alamo and San Jacinto. B) San Jacinto and Mexico City. C) the Alamo and Goliad. D) the Nueces River and the Alamo

C) the Alamo and Goliad.

The Battle of San Jacinto: 20) ______ A) established the independence of Texas. B) resulted in the slaughter of Texans who had surrendered. C) showed that Mexico could not challenge Zachary Taylor. D) solved the border dispute between Mexico and the United States.

A) established the independence of Texas.

The Comanches in Texas were subdued: 21) ______ A) by Mexicans prior to Americans immigrating to Texas. B) by Texans during the 1830s. C) by American soldiers during the Mexican-American War. D) by American soldiers after the Civil War.

D) by American soldiers after the Civil War.

The Santa Fe Trail: 22) ______ A) led to the Oregon Territory. B) encouraged closer ties between settlers and the Mexican government. C) opened the door to the eventual American takeover of New Mexico. D) did not infringe on the land of Native Americans.

C) opened the door to the eventual American takeover of New Mexico.

During the Mexican-American War the most adamant expansionists called for American takeover of: 23) ______ A) Panama. B) Cuba. C) Canada. D) Mexico.

D) Mexico.

Manifest Destiny was used to justify: 24) ______ A) the acquisition of foreign territories in the late 1890s. B) America's entry into World War I. C) America's entry into World War II. D) America's involvement in Vietnam.

A) the acquisition of foreign territories in the late 1890s.

Results of the Mexican War included all of the following EXCEPT: 25) ______ A) the American acquisition of territory north of the Rio Grande in Texas. B) a $15-million dollar "war guilt" payment made by Mexico to the United States. C) the granting of U.S. citizenship to Mexicans living in newly acquired territories. D) the American acquisition of Alta California and New Mexico.

B) a $15-million dollar "war guilt" payment made by Mexico to the United States.

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