Mr.King Chapter 5
|Basically the French and Indian war was between?||France and England with Native American support.|
|The French claimed the entire watersheds between?||The Mississippi and Saint Laurence Rivers.|
|Define Watershed.||The area of a dried out stream or river.|
|Define Frontier.||The area of the United States Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River.|
|Why did the French and English meet in Paris?||To try to solve their territorial dispute (they failed).|
|The French troops being sent into the frontier set in motion...||The french and Indian war.|
|What was the largest battle in the French and Indian war?||The siege of Quebec|
|Define Siege.||A military operation where a town or building is surrounded for the purpose of cutting off supplies and it eventual surrender.|
|What did the siege of Quebec do?||It basically ended the French and Indian war.|
|What basically ended the French and Indian war?||The treaty of Paris 1763.|
|The treaty of Paris were important for major reasons what were they?|| 1. It ended the French and Indian War.|
2.It gave all the Frenches land to the English.
3.It marked the end of the French power in North America.
|As a result of the poor treatment by the English to the native Americans...||Pontiac's War resulted.|
|The proclamation was important for what 3 major reasons?|| 1.The colonist were forbidden to settle west of the Appalachian mountains.|
2.Settlers in the Frontier were forced to leave.
3.10,000 English soldiers were sent into the Frontier to enforce the proclamation of 1763.
|The ultimate cause of the American Revaluation was the French and Indian war for three major reasons what were they?|| 1.The French and Indian war put england deeply in debt.|
2.The English taxes went up in England to pay for the war.
3.The English thought that the colonies should have to help pay for the war.
|What was the sugar act?||An indirect tax on sugar, coffee, indigo, print calico, and molasses.|
|Define Indirect taxes.||A tax that you don't see that increases the price of the goods, when you buy the goods you pay the tax.|
|Define Direct taxes.||a tax payed directly to the government to the taxpayer.|
|What was the stamp act?||The first serious attempt by England to assert government authority over the colonies.|
|What did the stamp act do?||Brought the colonies and the colonist together.|
|what united the most powerful people in the colonies (ex. lawyers, journalists, religious leaders, and businessmen)?||The stamp act.|
|Why did the colonists think the stamp act was unjust?||Because it was taxation without representation.|
|The stamp act congress did two things what were they?|| 1.Expressed loyalty to England |
2.Declared that only colonial legislatures had the right to tax the colonists not England.
|What are the Sons of Liberty?||Groups throughout the colonies form to protest the stamp act.|
|The major objective of the sons of liberty was...||to force stamp distributors to resign.|
|What stopped the stamp act?||Boycotting.|
|Define Boycott.||Refusal to buy as a protest.|
|Define Repealed.||Take back or revoke.|
|There were two problems with the Townshend act what were they?|| 1.The goods that were taxed we basic goods (tea, glass, paper, lead, and paint)|
2.By this time the colonists were so pissed off about taxation without representation that they weren't about to accept any tax on any kind.
|Define Non-Important Agreements.||Merchants promised to stop importing goods taxed by the Townshend act.|
|Define Writs of Assistance.||Documents that allowed English customs officials to search ships warehouses and homes without giving a reason.|
|Define Search Warrant.||A court order issued by a judge that allow authorities the right to search a person or location for evidence.|
|Why did Sam Adams organize the committee of correspondence?||o spread the word on what the English were doing in Boston and Massachusetts.|
|Define Committee of Correspondence.||Group that wrote letters and pamphlets reporting of events in Massachusetts.|
|Where did the English set up camp/tents?||Boston commons.|
|When English troops walked the streets of Boston they were...||Insulted,yelled at, spit on, and called red coats (Lobster Backs and Bloody Backs).|
|When was the Boston Massacre?||March 5th 1770|
|What is the Boston Massacre?||The Boston Massacre was started when a soldier was confronted by a merchant for a unpaid bill, the soldier hit the merchant and a crowd threatened the soldier. Capt.Preston arrived with reinforcements, The crowd now numbered 3-4 hundred and were throwing tar and bricks at the soldiers, someone yelled fire and the English did. 5 were killed 6 were wounded 3 were killed instantly and 2 were killed later on.|
|Define Propaganda.||The spreading of ideas that helps or hurts an opposing cause.|
|Define Sentiment||Feelings or attitudes.|
|What was the turning point in the beginnings in the American revolution?||The Boston Massacre.|