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Emancipation Proclamation

freed all slaves in the Confederate territory

54th Massachusetts Regiment

most famous African-American regiment in the Civil War

Copperheads

Northern Democrats who favored peace with the South

conscription

required military service, the draft

bounty

money given as a reward to encourage enlistment in the army

income tax

tax on earnings

greenbacks

new paper currency issued in the North

Clara Barton

"angel of the battlefield," founded the Red Cross

Belle Boyd

most famous Confederate spy

Andersonville

prisoner of war camp in Georgia, the worst in the South

General George B. McClellan

This man was the first General of the Union forces - he blamed Lincoln (and others) for his failures and ran against Lincoln for President in 1864.

Battle of Gettysburg

Turning point of the Civil War that made it clear the North would win. In it 50,000 people were killed, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.

Pickett's Charge

famous attempt by the South to reclaim the advantage during the Battle of Gettysburg, thousands of men are killed trying to charge up Cemetary Ridge, called "the high tide of the Confederacy"

Seige of Vicksburg

Turning point; Union Gen. Grant takes control of the Mississippi

William Tecumseh Sherman

Union General who destroyed South during "march to the sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, example of total war

Appomattox Court House

famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant

Thirteenth Amendment

the constitutional amendment ratified after the Civil War that forbade slavery and involuntary servitude.

John Wilkes Booth

was an American stage actor who, as part of a conspiracy plot, assassinated Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.

Gettysburg Address

a 3-minute speech by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery

total war

Type of war in which an army destroys its opponent's ability to fight by attacking civilian and economic, as well as military, targets.

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