C6H12O6 + 6O2 -> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + energy
Chemical equation of respiration
glycolysis, the krebs cycle, oxidative phosphorylation
3 components of cellular respiration
Cofactors in glycolysis that promote enzyme activity
How many NADH are produced in glycolysis?
How many ATP molecules are used in glycolysis?
How many ATP molecules are produced in glycolysis in total?
How many pyruvate are formed during glycolysis?
How many NET glucose are formed during glycolysis?
Where does glycolysis occur?
Coenzyme A, acetyl CoA, NADH, CO2
In a step leading up to the Krebs cycle, pyruvate combines with _____________ to produce ____________. In this reaction, 1 ____________ and 1 ________ are also produced.
The Krebs cycle begins when acetyl CoA combines with OAA (oxaloacetate) to form _______.
3, 1, 1
The Krebs cycle forms _ NADH, _ FADH2, and releases _ CO2 from 1 pyruvate.
The process of extracting ATP from NADH and FADH2
The electron transport chain consists of proteins that pass the electrons in NADH and FADH2 from one ___________ to the next.
Carrier protein that includes nonprotein parts containing iron
NADH molecules can generate __ ATP and FADH2 molecules can generate __ ATP.
The final electron acceptor of the ETC
Carrier protein in the ETC that is often compared among species to assess genetic relatedness
H+ ions accumulate in this section of the mitochondria
Where does oxidative phosphorylation occur?
channel protein complex that is responsible for the phosphorylation of ADP to form ATP. It allows H+ ions to flow back into the matrix.
The Krebs cycle and the conversion of pyruvate to acetyl CoA occur in the ____
The mechanism of ATP generation that occurs when energy is stored in the form of a proton concentration gradient
a phosphate group and its associated energy is transferred to ADP to form ATP. Occurs during glycolysis.
phosphate group is added to form ATP, but the energy for the bond does not accompany the phosphate group. Electrons in the transport chain of oxidative phosphorylation supply the energy.
In the first step of alcohol fermentation, pyruvate is converted into _________
In the second step of alcohol fermentation, acetaldehyde is converted to _____