allowed in all 13 of the original colonies
slave trade with african ended in 1808 but slavery continued to increase
after invention of the cotton gin, cotton became the number one export of the USA
Slaves were treated as if they were property they had no legal status, no way of getting fair treatment through the law could not complain to the court's mind
Slaves lived in rural (farms/country) and urban (city) settings
Slaves lives varied greatly with the commonality, limited of no control over their own life or families
Free blacks in the north&south also had limited rights
Some slaves resisted and escaped, many were punished.
Slavery moves west
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 showed Congress intention to limit slavery and have power to regulate slavery
The constitution adopts the NW Ordinance and says nothing else specifically about slavery expect 3/5 com promise
As territories became states the unwritten rule was to minerals a balance/slave vs. free states
many legal issues developed when slaves were taken into free states
Missouri was allowed to enter the U.S.as a slave stack maine was entered into the U.S. at the same time as a free state.
A line was drawn from southern border of missouri west. Slavery would not allowed North of the line
Great Awaking religions movement of early 1800s led to people having an interest in leading good in leading good lives so that they would have a pleasant after life. Helping the poor & disabled, women's rights were all part of this. Abolition of slavery was a fast growing movement in the early 1800s slavery was seen as a national sin/immoral and the obligation of every moral american was to work to end it. William Lloyd Garrison-painter who wouldn't quit "The Liberator" painting press destroyed. Abolitionists suffered crimes against them. American Colonization Society- start colonies in Africa to send back Americans. Liberia Abolitionists Harriet Beecher Stowe writes best-selling novel Uncle Tom's Cabin/horrors of slaves escaped slaves. Fredrick Douglass delivers speeches and writes best-selling autobiography.
When the US gained new western territory. Congress again debated slavery in new states.
Compromise of 1850-California came into the US as a free state but in addition the Fugitive Slave Act was passed requiring runaway slaves be returned to their masters.
Kanas- Nebraska Act
Because the Missouri Compromise is overturned & ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme court Dred Scott Kanas-Nebraska Act said the people living in Kanas & Nebraska couldn't decide weather or not they wanted slavery. "Popular Sovereignty"
Many people including abolitionist John Brown, went to Kansas. New England Abolitionists sent over 1,000 people. (Kansas & Missouri got into a little war) After many deaths & fighting between 1854-1859, Kansas was admitted as a free state in 1861. John Brown his sons, later raided an army in their peers went to Virginia hoping to start a slave rebellion they were caught, Brown was put on trail formed guilty of freedom and was hung.
Dred Scott was a slave who had been re-sold & lived in free states. He sued on that basis for his freedom. The case went to the US Supreme Court where chief justice Taney decided against Scott holding.
1.) African-American's do not have rights to sue not citizens
2.) Missouri Compromise Unconstitonal
Election of 1860 leads to secession
Country is very divided by the time of the 1860 Presidential Election. When Lincoln wins the South is angry, some no longer wants to be part of the USA