Chapter 13

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1) The process whereby an increasing percentage of people live in an urban area is known as

urbanization.

2) The most important element of urbanization is an increase in the

number of people living in urban settlements.
percentage of people living in urban settlements.
land area occupied by urban settlements.

3) Which statement best describes the relationship between urbanization and the Industrial Revolution?

The Industrial Revolution promoted urbanization.

4) Of the ten largest urban areas in the world, how many are in More Developed Countries today?

2

5) The process of legally adding land area to a city in the United States is

annexation.

6) The city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs is the

urbanized area.

7) In the United States, which of the following definitions of a city covers the largest land area?

metropolitan statistical area

8) Higher social heterogeneity in urban settlements means that

you may feel lonely and isolated in a crowd.

9) According to Louis Wirth, urban areas are more likely than rural areas to have

larger size; higher density; more heterogeneity.

0) Megalopolis refers to

consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Areas.

11) The process of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment, is

filtering.

12) A process by which banks designate an area within which they refuse to lend money for improvements is

redlining.

13) A process by which real estate agents convince white owners to sell their houses is

blockbusting

14) Public housing is

low-income government-owned housing.

15) A process of converting a neighborhood from low-income to middle-class is

gentrification

) The zone in transition in U.S. cities typically contains what?

warehouses; gentrified buildings; public housing

17) According to U.S. law, when a family is forced by a city to relocate

moving expenses and rent increases are paid by the government.

8) The underclass is characterized in part by high rates of

drug addiction.

19) U.S. central cities face fiscal problems because

low income people are concentrated there

20) In U.S. cities, the underclass is

clustered in inner-city neighborhoods.

21) Compared to whites, African Americans in U.S. cities are more likely to be

clustered in inner-city neighborhoods

22) To deal with the financial problems in some areas of the cities, American city governments

reduce services.

23) A recent change in the density gradient has been

a reduction in the differences in densities found within an urban area.

24) Compared to the United Kingdom, the amount of sprawl in the United States is

greater

25) Sprawl is the A) change in density within an urban area from the center to the periphery.

development of new housing sites not contiguous to the existing built-up area.

6) British cities are surrounded by open space known as

greenbelts.

27) The purpose of busing in many U.S. suburbs is to

promote racially integrated schools.

28) A legal form of segregation in U.S. cities is achieved through

zoning.

29) People are attracted to suburbs in part because suburbs are characterized by

private land surrounding the house.

30) The largest percentage of the U.S. population lives in

suburbs.

31) The largest number of trips are made for what purpose?

work

32) The U.S. government has encouraged the use of cars in part by

building interstate highways

34) The major exception to the decline in public transit is the

rapid transit.

) Public transit is more extensive in Western European cities than in the United States primarily because

European governments subsidize public transit.

36) In recent years, urban residents are more likely to shop in

suburban malls.

37) The attractions of shopping malls include all but which of the following?

walking distance from homes

8) Factories have moved to suburban locations in part because of

access to main highways

39) Some employees of suburban businesses may suffer hardships because they do not

own automobiles.

40) According to the concentric zone model, a city develops in a series of

rings.

41) Chicago is a good location in which to develop urban models because it is located

on a flat prairie.

43) According to the multiple nuclei model, an airport is likely to attract nearby

industries.

44) Social area analysis attempts to explain

the distribution of different types of people in an urban area.

45) The multiple nuclei theory best explains why different neighborhoods of a city attract people of different

ethnic origin.

46) Higher income people tend to live near the center of the city in all but which of the following regions?

North America

47) When the models of urban structure developed in Chicago are applied to Rio de Janeiro, one conclusion is that

the poorest people are located in different areas.

48) Ramshackle houses on the periphery of cities in less developed countries are known as

squatter settlements.

49) Compared to the United States, poor families in European cities are more likely to be

clustered in suburbs

50) The wide boulevards built in cities in less developed countries were most likely built during what era?

colonial

51) A central city and its contiguous built-up suburbs is called a metropolitan statistical area.

False

52) According to Louis Wirth, cities differ from rural areas in being larger, more dense, and more socially homogeneous.

False

53) The basic building block for MSAs is the county, because of the ease of obtaining data.

True

54) Most urban residents in the United States live in central cities rather than suburbs.

False

55) Land is more intensively used in the center of the city than elsewhere.

True

56) Public housing comprises a large percentage of housing in the United Kingdom but only a small percentage in the United States.

True

57) None of the world's ten most populous urban areas is located in Europe.

True

58) The density gradient in American and European cities is getting flatter.

True

59) Relatively wealthy individuals live in the center of most cities in the world outside of North America.

True

60) Suburban sprawl has resulted in the loss of most of the prime agricultural land in the United States.

False

61) Cities in less developed countries have eliminated most signs of European colonial rule.

False

62) While public transportation ridership has declined in the United States, a number of cities have invested in new public transportation systems.

True

63) The three models of urban structure help to explain where people live in U.S. cities but not in European cities.

False

64) Urban population worldwide is projected to exceed rural settlement population for the first time in 2008.

True

65) Rural settlements outside European cities have been converted to weekend homes, because they are no longer needed for agriculture.

True

66) The supply of land for new housing is more severely restricted outside European cities than U.S. cities.

True

67) In the United States, a city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs is known as an urbanized area.

True

68) Historically, the world's largest cities generally were in more developed countries.

True

69) The three eras of development of cities in many less developed countries were pre-Columbian, pre-Colonial, and independence.

False

70) Which two of these four land usesindustrial, office, retail, and residentialare most likely to be found in a U.S. Central Business District?

office; retail

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