Desert herders who went from oases to oases to find water fort for their camels, goats, and sheep.
Villagers who handled most of trade.
-Became the richest and largest crossroad for merchants
-Also known as Mecca
-A low square building surrounded by statues of gods and goddesses.
-Was believed that the great stone inside was from heaven.
People who travel to a holy place.
Means "Surrender to the will of Allah"
-The journey of Muhammad and his followers to Yathrib.
-Means "breaking off relationships".
A government that uses its political power to uphold Islam.
The first year of the new Muslim calendar.
Holy book of Islam.