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humanism

an intellectual movement that focused on worldly themes rather than on religious ideas

secular

worldly

individualism

an emphasis on the dignity and worth of the individual person

sonnet

a short poem

doge

Venetian government leader

chateaux

castles

francois rabelais

wrote sonnets; comic tales

desiderius erasmus

christian humanist; praise of folly

thomas more

wrote utopia

justification by faith

the belief that a person could be made good simply by believing

indulgences

certificates issued by the church

vocation

a calling

Martin Luther

started the protestant reformation

theocracy

a church-run state

predestination

a doctrine that claims that god determines the fate of every person

zwingli

led protestant movement in switzerland

calvin

set up calvinizum

anabaptist

wanted separation of church and state

king henry VIII

established the church of England

seminary

a theological school

baroque

a style of architecture that stressed emotion

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