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Final exam includes the following: -R&J vocabulary (15q/1pt) -TKaM vocabulary (15q/1pt) -Literary/dramatic terms (20q/1pt) -R&J multiple choice (40q/2pt) -TKaM multiple choice (20q/1pt) -R&J character descriptions (1q/50pt) -TKaM character descriptions -Essay (comparing the two novels) ESJ/EHS, Ms. Wallis, English 8. Valid 2011-2012 year.

adversary

an enemy, opponent

languish

To become weak

disposition

a person's usual mood; temperament

reverence

deep respect

wanton

reckless, loose in morals

confound

to confuse and frustrate

tedious

tiresome because of length or dullness

forsworn

rejected or renounced under oath

inundate

to flood, overflow; to overwhelm by numbers or size

entreat

to beg, implore, ask earnestly

beguile

to deceive, to mislead, to persuade with charm

cunning

sly, clever, deceitful

minstrel

a medieval musician who sang and recited poetry

pestilent

destructive to life, deadly, poisonous

inexorable

relentless; unyielding

descry

to discriminate or discern

apothecary

druggist; pharmacist

presage

a sign or feeling concerning some future event; omen; foreboding

dirge

funeral song

haste

swiftness of motion; speed

slander

to speak badly about someone publicly; to defame; to spread malicious rumor

sullen

silent or brooding because of ill humor, anger, or resentment; slow moving, sluggish

lour

to frown, scowl, or look sullen; glower; to look negatively upon

abhor

to regard with horror or loathing; to hate deeply

inauspicious

unfavorable, unlucky, suggesting bad luck for the future

assuage

provide physical relief, as from pain

chattel

an item of personal, movable property; slave

taciturn

habitually silent or quiet, inclined to talk very little

vapid

dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force

malevolent

spiteful, showing ill will

illicit

illegal

amiable

friendly

auspicious

favorable

inquisitive

curious; asking lots of questions

libel

written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation

diversion

a distraction; an amusement; an attention getter

inordinate

far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive

obstreperous

noisy; unruly, disorderly

interdict

a law or requirement

palliate

to make less serious; ease

propensity

a natural inclination or predilection toward

frivolous

Lacking in seriousness or importance

impudent

disrespectful, characterized by improper bold behavior

sordid

wretchedly poor; run-down; mean or selfish

acquiescence

agreement or consent by silence or without objection

umbrage

offense, resentment

passé

out of fashion

provocation

something that stirs up anger or excitement

formidable

menacing, causing fear or awe

prerogative

a requirement for something else to happen

Allusion

a reference to another work of literature, person, or event

Antagonist

A character or force in conflict with the main character

Direct Characterization

the writer specifically states what a character is like

Indirect Characterization

the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others

Internal Conflict

A struggle within a single character, often emotional.

External Conflict

a struggle between a character and an outside force

Dialect

the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people

Diction

the manner in which something is expressed in words

Figurative Language

writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally

Foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

Imagery

language that appeals to the senses

Dramatic Irony

irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play

Situational Irony

an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected

Verbal Irony

occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought

Metaphor

comparison not using like or as

Mood

the overall emotion created by a work of literature

Atmosphere

The emotional tone or background that surrounds a scene

Narrator

The person telling the story

Personification

giving human qualities to animals or objects

Plot

the sequence of events in a story

Exposition

scenes that introduce the characters, setting, and basic situation

Inciting Incident

event that introduces the central conflict

Climax

Most exciting moment of the story; turning point

Resolution

the falling action of a narrative; the events following the climax

Denouement

resolution

Prose

the ordinary form of written language

Setting

where and when the story takes place

Simile

comparison using like or as

Suspense

Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story

Symbol

an item which represents something else

Theme

central idea of a work of literature

Tone

the author's attitude toward the subject

Act

a subdivision of a play

Alliteration

repetition of initial consonant sounds

Analogy

a comparison of two things that are similar in some way

Aside

Lines supposedly not heard by others on the stage and intended only for the audience.

Comedy

light and humorous drama with a happy ending

Comic Relief

A humorous scene or speech intended to lighten the mood

Foil

a character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another

Groundlings

those who purchased the standing room only tickets to an Elizabethan play; unruly section of a Shakespearean audience

Hamartia

the tragic flaw of a hero that leads to his or her downfall

Hubris

excessive pride

Iambic Pentameter

a poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable

Monologue

long speech by one person

Oxymoron

conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')

Prologue

an introduction to a play

Pun

a humorous play on words

Satire

witty language used to convey insults or scorn

Scene

a division of an act in a play

Soliloquy

speech to oneself

Sonnet

14 line poem

Tragedy

A serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of a heroic or noble character

Tragic Hero

the protagonist of a tragedy

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