Influencing Factors of Development
Heredity, Life Experience, Health Status, Cultural Expectations.
Recurring Issues on Development
Nature vs Nurture, Continuity vs Discontinuity, Universal vs Context-Specific
Nature vs Nurture
Ex: genetics and heredity vs experience and environment; Both interact to influence development.
Continuity vs Discontinuity
Ex: a 'happy baby' that ends up a happy adult OR Ex: a 'happy baby' that ends up an irritable adult;
Universal vs Context-Specific
Ex: a child in Mexico will develop the same way a child in China will OR Ex: there are many ways to develop.
Biological, Psychological, Sociocultural:
Biological, Psychological, and Sociocultural forces are intertwined; Idea that there may not be the same outcome for every identical situation because of these forces.
Society, Interpersonal skills, Culture, and Ethics.
Psycho Dynamic Theory
Freud's (Id, Ego, Superego) psychosexual theories and Erikson's (Epigenetic Principles) psychosocial theories are under what Developmental Theory:
Social Learning Theory
Bandura's Imitation/Observational Learning, when people try to understand the world through imitation, falls under what Developmental Theory:
Piaget's 4 stages fall under what Developmental Theory:
Operant conditioning, reinforcement, and punishment (done on animals mostly) pertain to:
Historical events, Ethnic group, and Culture pertain to:
Government and social policy, Parents' social network, and Parents' places of employment pertain to:
School and Friends pertain to:
Just the parents and the child pertains to:
"Best Match or Fit" How well people adapt depends on the match between their abilities and the environmental press: Ex: a fast-paced, headbanging drummer tries out for a mellow band=doesn't match. OR Ex: a woman with a soulful voice tries out for choir=best match
Extended from Piaget's theory, but this guy also built his theory on Moral Reasoning: