Classification

Created by billgoll Teacher

25 terms

taxonomy

The science of grouping and naming organisms

Linnaeus

18th century scientist who developed the classification system we still use today.

species

smallest, least inclusive classification group

genus

larger than a species but smaller than a family.

family

larger than a genus but smaller than an order

order

larger than a family but smaller than a class

class

larger than an order but smaller than a phylum

phylum

larger than a class but smaller than a kingdom

Kingdom

Linnaeus' original system used this as the largest group

Domain

Largest and most inclusive classification group; recently created

Archaea

Domain of prokaryotes; no peptidoglycan in cell walls

Archaebacteria

The kingdom that contains extremophiles such as thermophiles, halophiles, and methanogens

Archaebacteria

Kingdom of prokaryotic, unicellular organisms that have no peptidoglycan in their cell walls.

Bacteria

Domain of prokaryotes; with peptidoglycan in cell walls

Eubacteria

The kingdom that contains E. coli, nitrogen fixing bacteria, and streptococcus.

Eubacteria

Kingdom of prokaryotic, unicellular organisms that have peptidoglycan in their cell walls.

Eukarya

Domain which contains all Kingdoms with eukaryotic cells

Protista

A kingdom that contains algae, paramecium, euglena, and ameoba.

Protista

Kingdom with eukaryotic cells; multicellular or unicellular; heterotrophic or autotrophic, asexual reproduction.

Plantae

The kingdom that contains mosses, flowering plants, ferns, and pine trees.

Plantae

Kingdom with eukaryotic cells; cell walls made of cellulose; all multicellular; all autotrophic

Fungi

The kingdom that contains mushrooms, mold, and yeast.

Fungi

Kingdom with eukaryotic cells; cell walls made of chitin; unicellular or multicellular; all heterotrophic

Animalia

The kingdom that contains insects, sponges, and worms.

Animalia

Kingdom with eukaryotic cells; no cell walls; all multicellular; all heterotrophic.

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