Western Civ. Chapter Two Review

19 terms by jlopes 

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golden age

Era of cultural progress in Greece in the 400s B.C.

acropolis

1. Hill or mountain in Greece that included a fort as well as temples and other public buildings. 2. (Acropolis) A high hill that marked the center of ancient Athens.

parthenon

White marble temple built in ancient Athens in honor of Athena.

myron

sculpted the famous figure The Discus Thrower

phidias

created the statues of Athena that decorated the Acropolis and the Parthenon

Praxiteles

lived about 100 years after Phidias; made large, formal works appropriate for the gods

philosophy

Study of basic questions of reality and human existence.

aristocracy

Government ruled by an upper class.

dramas

Plays containing action or dialogue and usually involving conflict and emotion.

tragedies

Forms of Greek drama in which the main character struggles against fate or events.

Plato

wealthy young aristocrat and one of the greatest of Socrates' students

Aristotle

one of plato's students; founded his own schoo in 335 B.C.

Pythagoras

was a philosopher who believed that everything could be explained in terms of mathematics

Hippocrates

lived between about 460 B.C. and about 377 B.C., is considered to be the founder of medical science

Herodotus

the first historian of the Western world. Herodotus traveled to Babylonia, Phoenicia, and Egypt

Sophocles

writer of tragedies who defended many traditional Greek values

Euripides

was more of a realist than Aeschylus or Sophocles; he questioned many old beliefs and ideas

Aristophanes

was known for his sharp wit

Socrates

Socrates. One of the most important thinkers of the new era was an Athenian, Socrates (SAHK·ruh·teez). He taught that education was the key to personal growth. Socrates did not use memorization as a teaching tool. he insisted that students be trained to think for themselves.

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