People, Places and Change Chapter 7 (Central America / Caribbean)

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Chapter 7 (Central America and the Caribbean) from People, Place, and Change

cooperatives

organizations owned by and operated for their members

calypso and reggae

types of Caribbean music

Havana

Cuba's capital and largest city

Santeria

mixes traditional African religions with Catholicism

civil war

conflict between two or more groups within a country

Costa Rica

Central American country with a long history of democratic, stable governments

cacao

small tree on which the cocoa bean grows

bauxite

aluminum ore found in large reserves in Jamaica

Greater Antilles

Four large islands in the Caribbean archipelago

hurricanes

Tropical storms that bring heavy rain, high seas, and violent winds

refugees

many of these left Haiti and Cuba for the United States

guerrilla

Since 1959 Cuba has supported these movements that attempt to overthrow other governments

Caribbean

Mangoes, rice, yams, and okra are popular in the

Belize

After it gained independence in 1981, British Honduras changed its name to this

civil wars

Both El Salvador and Nicaragua are rebuilding after lenthy _________

Spain

controlled much of Central America from the 1500s until 1821

mestizo

Largest ethnic group in Central America

Cloud forests

High-elevation, very wet tropical forests that contain a wide variety of plants and animals

tourism

the most important industry in the Caribbean

humid tropical

The Caribbean islands have tropical savanna and _________ climates.

commonwealth of the United States

The island of Puerto Rico is a __________________

Roman Catholic

The religion of most people in Central America

Belize

The country with the smallest population in Central America

West Indies

Christopher Columbus named the Caribbean islands

Cuba

Has a poor relationship with the US

ice storms

Central America and the Caribbean do not have this weather problem

an archipelago

Central America is located on _________________

Nicaragua

the largest country in Central America

Guatemala

Of the following, this is not a Caribbean island: Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala, or Cuba

corn

Of the following, which is not an important crop in the Caribbean: sugarcane, coffee, corn or bananas?

archipelago

a group of islands

Guatemala

The most populous country in Central America. Almost half of its people are Indians.

Haiti

It is the poorest country in the Americas. It has many people living there.

Cuba

Since the early 1960's the US government has banned trade with this country. US citizens are not allowed to travel there.

Nicaragua

The Sandinistas overthrew this country's dictator and then ruled the country for many years. Today the country is a democracy.

Panama

This country controls a canal that links the Pacific Ocean to the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean.

Fidel Castro

leader of Cuba

dictator

a person who rules a country with complete authority

plantain

type of banana used in cooking

guerrilla

person who takes part in irregular warfare, such as raids

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