enduring pattern of behaviro which is unusualin coparison to others behaviors of children of the dame age which interferes with a childs development in a signifigant way
relatively new approach to the study of deviance emphasizing normal and abnormal development that shares common roots and that pathology can arsie from different pathways
classification of psychopathologies which impair a persons ability to cocnentrate includes ADHD , ADD and hyperkinetic disorder
classificiation of psychopathologies including any fdeviant behavior mainlty directed towards other people like a conduct disorder
category of psychopathologies conssiting of anxiety and depression and other condition whcih are deviant behavior and are directed inwardly against onesself
disorder where a child shows significant problmes in focusing attention and physical hyperactivity. Divided into two subtypes including impulsive type where hyperactivity is the main problem and inattentive type where inattention is the problem. Additionally there is a combined type of ADD consisting of both of these factors.
A childhood or adolescent disorder characterized by excessive activity, emotional instability, significantly reduced attention span, and an absence of shyness and fear, and that occasionally develops in individuals with brain injury, mental defect, or epilepsy-dictionary.reference.com
attention deficit disorder
diagnostic term which refers to a pattern of deviant behaviors including high levels of aggressive, antisocial or delinquient acts
childhood onset conduct disorder
conduct disorder which starts in childhood conssiting of a pattern connected to peer rejection and conduct problems which persist into adolescence and adulthood
adolescent onset conduct disorder
condcut disorder starting in adolescence and is typicallyy less severe and persistent than childhood onset conduct disorder
subcategory of conduct disorder conssiting of explicit law breaking
eating disorder which consists of alternating periods of bingeing and purging ivnolves three elements a preoccupation with eating and an irresistible craving fo food whichleads to episdoes of binge eating, an intense far of fatness, and a method of prging used to conuteract effects of binge eating toavoid weight gain which usually conssits of delf induced vomiting, excessive laxative use or excessive excercise. Symptoms include marked tooth decay from excessive vomiting, stomach irritation, dehydration, lowered bdy temperture, body chemistry disturbances, loss hair and in extreme cases cardiovascular problems
Eating disorder characterized by self starvation. Although it is less common than bulimia it is potentially more deadly. It consists of an intense fear of gaining weight,and obssessive exercise. Physical symptoms include sleep disturbance,insensitivity to pain, loss of hair, low blood pressure, a vareity of cardiovascular problems, reduced body temperture and cessation of menstruation.
A combination of sad mood and a difficulty with carrying out daily functions. Possible causes include difficulty in ones home life like parents divorce or the death of a loved or for the biological cause of pituitary gland dysfunction at the onset of puberty and for this reason aoldescents may be more likely to be sensitive to family stressors than younger kids
Also known as major depressive disorder characterized by a combination of sad mood, sleeping and eating distrubances and trouble concentrating. Lasts 6 months or longer.
an intellectual disability characterized by an IQ below 70 along with poor adaptive behavior According to research the majority of mentally retarded children think or react more slowly than kids with normal IQs, think concretely and have trouble with abstract reasoning, require more complete and rpeated instruction to lern new information or strategies (this is as opposed to children with normal IWS who may discover strategies for themselves or are able to proceed with only incompleter insturctions), don
t generalize or transfer something they have learned in one situation to anewer problem or task giving them the apppearance of possessing a lack of executive functions that enable older children and adults with normal IWs to compare new problems to familiar ones or the abiltiy to scan through a repertoire of strategies until they find one that works or their intellectual deficits may interfere with social skills develiopment such as an ability to recognize and respond to facial expressions.
causes of retardation
There are 2 main types 1) physical damage of some kind including those with genetic anomalies like down syndrome, teratogens, severe prenatal malnutrition, occurences that happen during the birth itself or some type of physical accident post birth like a car accident or fall. The majority of mentally retarded children show no obvious signs of brain damage or other physical disorders and these cases it is usually due to a combination of genetic and enviromental conditions which are typically associated with kidswhere parents have lows IQS or mental illness or a highly disorganized emotionally or cognitively deprived home life.
broad term used to describe unexpectted or unexplained problems in learning toi read, spell or calculate and more speicifically refers to a neurological dysufunction which causes such effects and has a fuzziness in its definition.
A.K.A pervasive developmental disorders, a group of disorder where children show severe disturbances in their social relationships for example, autism or aspergers
disorder where children have more limited languag e skills than others of their same age and are inable to enghage in reciporcal social relationships and possess a severely limited range of interests. Most with autims are mentally retarded and and slopw to respond to external sitimulli and are highly impulsive and usually helped via stimulants.
disorder where children have other characteristics of autims but possess intact language and cognitive skills
general term used to refer to educational programs that asdsign children with physical, mental or emotional disabliitlies to regular classrooms which provide special services required for the child in that classroom. In these settings children with physical disabliities and blind children learn best also such programs are most effective when trachers are given additional training and substantial support from specialists aides or volunteers. Learning disabled children however, do best in pull out programs or resource rooms.