US History Final - Naturalization test

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the Constitution

What is the supreme law of the land?

- sets up the government
- defines the government
- protects basic rights of Americans

What does the Constitution do?

We the People

The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

- a change (to the Constitution)
- an addition (to the Constitution)

What is an amendment?

the Bill of Rights

What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

- speech
- religion
- assembly
- press
- petition the government

What is ONE right or freedom from the First Amendment?

27

How many amendments does the Constitution have?

- announced our independence (from Great Britain)
- declared our independence (from Great Britain)
- said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

What did the Declaration of Independence do?

- life
- liberty
- pursuit of happiness

What are TWO rights in the Declaration of Independence?

You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

What is freedom of religion?

- capitalist economy
- market economy

What is the economic system in the United States?

- Everyone must follow the law.
- Leaders must obey the law.
- Government must obey the law.
- No one is above the law.

What is the "rule of law"?

- Congress
- legislative
- President
- executive
- the courts
- judicial

Name ONE branch or part of the government

- checks and balances
- separation of powers

What stops ONE branch of government from becoming too powerful?

the President

Who is in charge of the executive branch?

- Congress
- Senate and House (of Representatives)
- (U. S. or national) legislature

Who makes federal laws?

the Senate and House (of Representatives)

What are the TWO parts of the U. S. Congress?

100

How many U.S. Senators are there?

6

We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

- Mary Landrieu
- David Vitter

Who is ONE of your state's U.S. Senators now?

435

The House of Representatives has how many voing members?

2

We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

Charles Boustany

Name your U.S. Representative.

all people of the state

Who does a U.S. Senator represent?

because of:
- the state's population
- they have more people
- some states have more people

Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

4

We elect a President for how many years?

November

In what month do we vote for President?

Barack Obama

What is the name of the President of the United States now?

Joe Biden

What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?

the Vice President

If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the Speaker of the House

If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?

the President

Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?

the President

Who signs bills to become laws?

the President

Who vetoes bills?

advises the President

What does the President's Cabinet do?

Secretary of Education
Secretary of Agriculture
Secretory of Veterans Affairs
Vice President

What are TWO Cabinet-level positions?

- reviews laws
- explains laws
- resolves disputes (disagreements)
- decides if a law goes against the Constitution

What does the judicial branch do?

the Supreme Court

What is the highest court in the United States?

9

How many justices are on the Supreme Court?

John Roberts

Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?

- to print money
- to declare war
- to create an army
- to make treaties

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is ONE power of the federal government?

- provide schooling and education
- provide protection (police)
- provide safety (fire departments)
- give a driver's license
- approve zoning and land use

Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is ONE power of the states?

Bobby Jindal

Who is the Governor of your state?

Baton Rouge

What is the capital of your state?

Democratic and Republican

What are the TWO major political parties in the United States?

Democratic

What is the political party of the President now?

John Boehner

What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?

- Citizens 18 and older (can vote)
- You don't have to pay (a poll tax) to vote
- Any citizen can vote (Women and men can vote).
- A male citizen of any race (can vote).

There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe ONE of them.

- serve on a jury
- vote in a federal election

What is ONE responsibility that is only for United States citizens?

- vote in a federal election
- run for federal office

Name ONE right only for United States citizens.

- freedom of expression
- freedom of speech
- freedom of assembly
- freedom of warship
- freedom to petition the government
- the right to bear arms

What are TWO rights of everyone living in the United States?

- the United States
- the flag

What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?

- give up loyalty to other countries
- defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
- obey the laws of the United States
- serve in the U.S. military
- serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
- be loyal to the United States

What is ONE promise you make when you become a United States citizen?

18 and older

How old do citizens have to be to vote for President

- vote
- join a political party
- help with a campaign
- join a civic group
- join a community group
- give an elected official your opinion on an issue
- call Senators and Representatives
- publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
- run for office
- write to a newspaper

What are TWO ways that Americans can participant in their democracy?

April 15

When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?

- at age 18
- between 18 and 26

When must all men register for the Selective Service?

- freedom
- political liberty
- religious freedom
- economic opportunity
- practice their religion
- escape persecution

What is ONE reason colonists came to America?

- American Indians
- Native Americans

Who lived in America before the Europeans?

- Africans
- people from Africa

What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?

- because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
- because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
- because they didn't have self-government

Why did the colonists fight the British?

Thomas Jefferson

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

July 4, 1776

When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

- New Hampshire
- Massachusetts
- Rhode Island
- Connecticut
- New York
- New Jersey
- Pennsylvania
- Delaware
- Maryland
- Virginia
- North Carolina
- South Carolina
- Georgia

There were 13 original states. Name THREE.

- The Constitution was written
- The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution

What happened at the Constitutional Convention?

1787

When was the Constitution written?

- (James) Madison
- (Alexander) Hamilton
- (John) Jay
- Publius

The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name ONE of the writers.

- U.S. diplomat
- oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
- first Postmaster General of United States
- writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac"
- started the first free libraries

What is ONE thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?

(George) Washington

Who is the "Father of Our Country"?

(George) Washington

Who was the first President?

- the Louisiana Territory
- Louisiana

What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

- War of 1812
- Mexican-American War
- Civil War
- Spanish-American War

Name ONE war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

- the Civil War
- the War between the States

Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.

- slavery
- economic reasons
- states' rights

Name ONE problem that led to the Civil War.

- freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
- saved the Union
- led the United States during the Civil War

What was ONE important thing Abraham Lincoln did?

- freed the slaves
- freed slaves in the Confederacy
- freed slaves in the Confederate states
- freed slaves in most Southern states

What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

- fought for women's rights
- fought for civil rights

What did Susan B. Anthony do?

- World War I
- World War II
- Korean War
- Vietnam War
- (Persian) Gulf War

Name ONE war fought by the United States in the 1900s.

(Woodrow) Wilson

Who was President during World War I?

(Franklin) Roosevelt

Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?

Japan, Germany, and Italy

Who did the United States fight in World War II?

World War II

Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?

Communism

During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?

civil rights (movement)

What movement tried to end racial discrimination?

- fought for civil rights
- worked for equality for all Americans

What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?

Terrorists attacked the United States.

What major event happened on September 11, 2011, in the United States?

- Cherokee
- Creek
- Shawnee
- Crow
- Hopi

Name ONE American Indian tribe in the United States.

- Missouri (River)
- Mississippi (River)

Name ONE of the two longest rivers in the United States.

Pacific (Ocean)

What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?

Atlantic (Ocean)

What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?

- U.S. Virgin Islands
- Guam
- Puerto RIco

Name ONE U.S. territory.

- Maine
- New York
- Alaska

Name ONE state that border Canada.

- California
- Arizona
- New Mexico

Name ONE state that borders Mexico.

Washington, D.C.

What is the capital of the United States?

- New York (Harbor)
- Liberty Island

Where is the Statue of Liberty

because there were 13 original colonies

Why does the flag have 13 stripes?

because there are 50 states

Why does the flag have 50 stars?

The Star-Spangled Banner

What is the name of the national anthem?

July 4

When do we celebrate Independence Day?

New Year's Day
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
Memorial Day
Independence Day
Labor Day
Thanksgiving
Christmas

Name TWO national U.S. holidays.

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