Why did Luther's message spread so rapidly and gain popularity? In what ways did the Church respond to Luther's criticism?
People discontent w/ Church- corruption & involvement in economy
Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther, declared him a heretic
burned Luther's books & banned him from church
Why was the invention of the printing press imp to the Reformation?
mass produce Luther's German translation of Bible--> spread quicker & more=interpret Bible--> increase education & decrease dependency on Church
mass produce Luther's 95 Theses--> criticism= more available to more ppl--> spreading change
What 4 things did Martin Luther do that led Pope Leo X to excommunicate him?
criticized sales of indulgences & other corrupt practices
posted Ninety-Five theses on church wall
wrote many essays promoting justification by faith
Why did Erasmus' Greek version of the New Testament in contrast to the official Church version the Latin Vulgate cause controversy w/in the Church?
only clergy could interpret Bible
decreasing accuracy & distorting messages
decreased bishops' & priests' power to forgive you
When Luther pronounced that "man could be saved faith alone", what did he challenge?
Church teaching= ppl needed church to interpret religious doctrines