Male and Female Reproduction

Created by Joswagg 

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23 terms

Ovary

Reproductive structure that produces eggs

Fallopian tube

Organs that lead from the ovaries to the uterus

Uterus

A hollow, muscular organ in which the embryo and fetus develope

Vagina

A muscular tube that leads from the uterus to the outside of the female body

Clitoris

a female sexual organ homologous to the penis

Testes

The male gonads, which produce sperm and secrete male sex hormones.

Epididymis

A long coiled tube on the surface of the testes where sperm mature

Vas deferens

Tube through which sperm move from the epididymis to the urethra

Seminal vesicle

Glands that produce fluids rich in sugars to nourish sperm cells

Prostrate gland

encircles the upper end of the urethra, secretes a fluid that aids in the movement of sperm

Urethra

Is the tube through which urine leaves the bladder and exits the body

Penis

Male reproductive organ that delivers sperm to the female reproductive tract

Scrotum

The pouch of skin containing the testicles,

Menstrual cycle length

28 days

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

Estrogen

a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics

LH

luteinizing hormone, stimulates ovulation/testosterones development

Progesterone

A steroid hormone that acts to prepare the uterus for implantation of the fertilized ovum, to maintain pregnancy, and promote development of mammary gland

Fertilization

Sperm meets egg, menstruation stops

Implantation

Into endometrium, burrowing of blastocyst into the lining of the uterus

Ectopic pregnancy

Occurs outside the womb, fetus cannot survive, does not develop

Contraception

Abstinence, sterilization (vasectomy tubal ligation, essure)
Hormonal methods: birth control, vaginal ring

Prevention of implantation

Morning after emergency pill
Barrier methods: condom, sponge cervical cap

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