After the Confederate bombardment of ____________, Pesident Abraham Lincoln issued a call fo troops to save the Union.
In 1861, 48 Virginia colonies formed a separate state called____________________.
West Point graduate, experienced soldier, and Confederate president that oversaw the Southern effort.
Bring the Southern states back to the Union
Main goal of the North at the outset.
Closing ports to keep supplies from reaching the South; To cut off an area to keep supplies from going in or coming out.
General P. G. T. Beauregard
Confederate leader at the First Battle of Bull Run.
Ships that sail into and out of a blockaded area
Union warship that Northern forces abandoned when Confederate forces seized the naval shipyard in Norfolk, Virginia. Confederates rebuilt the wooden ship, covered it with thick iron plates and renamed it the Virginia.
A few weeks after Shiloh, he led Union soldiers in the capture of New Orleans, Louisiana (April 25, 1862).
Battle of Antietam
Bloodiest day of the entire Civil War; fought on September 17, 1862
Got its' name from the many casualties and excessive bloodshed.
Used the battle at Antietam to take action against slavery; issued the Emancipation Proclamation
Main goal of Northerners was to preserve the Union; Lincoln and other Republican leaders insisted on many occasions they would only act to prevent the expansion of _______________.
Issued by President Lincoln on January 1, 1863, this document stated that all enslaved people held by the Confederacy were free. Frederick Douglas called it the greatest event of our nation's history.
One of the most famous African American regiments, led by white abolitionists.
Important role thousands of women played in the Civil War.
New York City
In July 1863,angry mobs opposed to the draft laws went on a rampage of burning, looting, and killing in this city.
General Joseph Hooker
After the Battle of Fredericksburg, he replaced Union General Ambrose Burnside when Burnside resigned his command.
General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate leader that died a week after losing his arm in a battle at Chancellorsville, Virginia.
Ulysses S. Grant
Led a siege that lasted several months on the town of Vicksburg, Mississippi; eventually defeated Vicksburg on July 4, 1863.
Battle of Gettysburg began when Union cavalry surprised Rebel infantry raiding the town for ____________.
The Gettysburg Address
Two minute speech given by Abraham Lincoln at a ceremony dedicating a cemetery.
After leaving Atlanta in ruins, General Sherman's army began the historic "march to the sea" to this place.
Appomattox Court House
On April 9, 1865, Lee surrendered to Grant in this small Virginia village; site of Confederate surrender.
Called "Copperheads" by republican newspapers, this group warned that continuing the war would lead to "terrible social change and revolution." Appealed to racist feelings among Northern whites; suspected by some Republicans of aiding the Confederates
Refers to a Confederate ship that sailed in and out of closed Southern ports
Means to free enslaved people
Word that describes when a military force is set up in a strong position
Refers to the four states that allowed slavery yet remained in the Union when the Confederacy was formed
Term meaning to go on the attack
Means a general increase in prices
Right of accused individuals to have a hearing before being jailed
Paper money printed by the North during the Civil War
Means to close ports
Describes a person killed or wounded in battle
Another name for a Union soldier. Sample sentence---"Some of the ___________were led by General Sherman."
War on all aspects of the enemy's life. Sample sentence---"The Union soldiers fought a _________________ against the South by destroying anything that was useful to the people of the South."
Money given for a reward, such as to encourage enlistment in the army. Sample sentence---"They were paid a ___________ of 50 dollars to enlist."
The selection of persons for military service. Sample sentence---"At the age of 18, boys have to register for the military _________." or "During the war, the ____________can be used to increase the size of the army."
Another name for a Confederate soldier. Sample sentence---"Some of the ________were led by General Lee."
William Tecumseh Sherman
Union leader that destroyed Atlanta and led the historic "march to the sea."
Chosen by Abraham Lincoln to replace General Hooker after Hooker failed to attack Lee's army, as instructed by Lincoln.
Important railroad center south of Richmond that was attacked by General Grant.
Site of Lincoln's Gettysburg Address.
Robert E. Lee
Famous Confederate leader; Surrendered with his troops to Grant at Appomattox Court House.
Attack led by General George Pickett on the third and final day of the Battle of Gettysburg.
Led a Union fleet into Mobile Bay