STDS

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53 terms

stds

infections that can be spread by having sex with another person who has the disease

epidemic

an unusually high occurrence of a disease in a certain place during a certain time period

infertility

the reduced ability to have children

abstinence

the only sure way to protect oneself from acquiring an std

sexual fidelity

married couple only have intercourse with each other

chlamydia

the most common bacterial std in the us

chlamydia

effects 2.8 million people each year

chlamydia

transmitted through sexual contact and from mother to child during birth

chlamydia

females often show no symptoms other than a yellowish vaginal discharge, if untreated it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease

chlamydia

males have symptoms of painful urination and discharge from the penis, if untreated can cause urethritis

chlamydia

easily treated with many antibiotics

trichomoniasis

7.4 million new cases each year

trichomoniasis

a protozoan infection of the urinary tract or vagina

trichomoniasis

symptoms in females are vaginal discharge and pain when urinating, if untreated can lead to vaginitis

trichomoniasis

symptoms in males include painful urination and discharge from the penis, can cause urethritis

trichomoniasis

treatment is prescription meds

gonorrhea

75% of cases ages 15-29

gonorrhea

infection of the urinary tract of males and females and the reproductive organs of females

gonorrhea

bacteria that is highly contagious

gonorrhea

symptoms in females include painful urination and discharge from the vagina or urinary tract, symptoms are mild and may not be noticed

gonorrhea

symptoms in males include thick discharge from the penis and painful urination

gonorrhea

treated with antibiotics, especially penicillin

genital warts

the most common viral std in the us

genital warts

human papilloma virus

genital warts

1 million people diagnosed each year

genital warts

1/272 people have this

genital warts

this virus stays with the person for life

genital warts

symptoms include warts appearing around the genitals one or more months after infections, these may burn or itch

genital warts

these can be surgically removed, the virus stays with the person and can reappear, there is no cure

genital herpes

an incurable viral std which produces painful blisters around the genital area

hsv1

causes cold sores around the mouth

hsv2

causes genital sores

herpes

transmitted through sexual contact including kissing or direct contact with the blisters

herpes

symptoms appear 2-10 days after exposure

herpes

flu like feeling and tingling sensation at the site of infection outbreak of blisters

herpes

treated with medication for the blisters, no cure

syphilis

a bacterial std that progresses through stages

syphilis

transmitted through sexual contact or from mother to baby during pregnancy

primary syphilis

chancre sores appear 1-12 weeks after infection

secondary syphilis

skin rash and flu like feelings 2-8 weeks after the first stage

latent syphilis

symptoms may disappear for years

latent syphilis

bacteria attacks internal organs, such as the brain and heart

late syphilis

untreated can lead to death

syphilis

treated with antibiotics in its early stages, after the second stage it cant be treated

pubic lice and scabies

3 million people in the us

pubic lice and scabies

1/90 people are infected

pubic lice and scabies

infestations of tiny animal parasites that can be sexually transmitted

pubic lice and scabies

tiny insects that infest the hair around the genitals

scabies

results from the infestation of mites

pubic lice and scabies

transmitted through sexual contact and sleeping on/using infested clothing or bedding

pubic lice and scabies

symptoms include itching in the pubic area and rash

pubic lice and scabies

treated with prescription drugs/shampoo

pubic lice and scabies

all clothing and bedding need to be washed in very hot water, dried in a hot dryer, and intend to kill any remaining eggs

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