Why should you care about being physically active?
-society puts a lot of stress on us physically and emotionally.
-physical activity reduces risks of a variety of health problems
-lack of regular physical activity has resulted in an epidemic of obesity.
Achieving a Healthy Lifestyle
-proper medical care
-eating the right foods in right amount
-healthy play and recreation
-proper amount of rest
Physical Benefits of Being Physically Active
-increase muscle size, strength, and power
-strong heart muscle
-better functioning lungs
-better digestive system
-having more energy
-reduced risk of injury
-having health promoting behavior
Psychological Benefits of Being Physically Active
Increase self-esteem, better moods, reduced stress/anxiety, and increased energy level.
Aging and Being Physically Active
Regular physical activity tends to delay the appearance of certain degenerative processes. Look and feel younger.
Health Related Fitness Components
Basic Principles of a Fitness Program
Why is Cardiorespiratory/Cardiovascular Endurance and Fitness Important?
-Reduces risk of heart disease
How does exercise affect the function of the heart?
Makes the heart muscle stronger because regular exercise makes it work harder to pump blood.
Why is muscular strength important?
-For normal healthy living
-Reduces lower back pain by strengthening abdominal muscles
-Injury prevention and rehabilitation
How are strength and muscular endurance related?
As muscular strength increases, endurance increases.
Types of skeletal muscle contractions
What determines how much strength you have?
-Size of muscle
-Level of physical activity
Techniques of resistance training
-Progressive resistance exercise
-Functional Strength training
Why is it important to have good flexibility?
-Ability to move joints easily is essential to healthy living.
-Prevents injury to muscles and tendons
-Must be performed after warm up before engaging in strenuous activity.