French Protestants who were granted toleration by the Edict of Nantes in 1598 but not permitted to settle in New France.
King Louis XIV
Absolute French monarch who reigned for seventy-two years.
Animal whose pelt provided great profits for the French empire and enhanced European fashion at enormous ecological cost.
French Catholic missionary order that explored the North American interior and sought to protect and convert the Indians.
Coureurs de Bois
Far-running, high-living French fur trappers
Part of a certain British naval officer's anatomy that set off an imperial war with Spain.
Strategic French fortress conquered by New England settlers, handed back to the French, and finally conquered again by the British in 1759.
Inland river territory, scene of fierce competition between the French and land-speculating English colonists.
Bloodiest European threater of the Seven Years' War, where Frederick the Great's troops drained French strength away from North America.
Unification effort that Benjamin Franklin nearly inspired to success by eloquent leadership and cartoon artistry.
Military aide of British General Braddock and defender of the frontier after Braddock's defeat.
The Plains of Abraham
Fortress boldly assaulted by General Wolfe, spelling doom for New France.
The "buckskin" colonial soldiers whose military success did nothing to alter British officers' contempt.
Allies of the French against the British, who continued to fight under Pontiac even after the peace settlement in 1763.
The larger European struggle of which the French and Indian War was part.
Samuel de Champlain
The Father of New France, who established a fateful alliance with the Huron Indians.
Robert de la Salle
French empire builder who explored the Mississippi basin and named it after his monarch.
Document that ended the War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne's War) and awarded Acadia to Britain
War of Austrian Succession
Conflict that started with the War of Jenkins Ear and ended with return of Louisburg to France.
Strategic French stronghold, later renamed after a great British statesman.
Militia commander whose frontier skirmish touched off a World War
Advocate of colonial unity at the unsuccessful Albany Congress.
Blundering British officer whose defeat gave the advantage to the French and Indians in the early phase of the war.
Splendid British political orator and organizer of the winning strategy against the French in the North America.
Plains of Abraham
Site of the death of Generals Wolfe and Montcalm, where France's New world empire also perished
Seven Years' War
Conflict that, in Europe, pitted France against Britain's ally Frederick the Great of Prussia.
Indian leader whose frontier uprising caused British to attempt to limit colonial frontier expansion.
Proclamation of 1763
British Document that aroused colonial anger but failed to stop frontier expansion.
Strategic French outpost at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
French colonists in Nova Scotia brutally uprooted by the victorious British & shipped to Louisiana