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Amendment

Any change to the constitution

Appropriation

A bill that gives a certain amount of money to government programs to spend

Articles

This part of the constitution explains how the government works

Bicameral

a legislatuer that has two or more houses or parts

Capitalism

idea that allows people to own businesses and property

Citizen

Community member that owes their loyalty to the government

Civics

The study of the rights and duties of all citizens

Civil liberty

Freedom to think and axct how you want without government interference

Committee

Small group of people within a larger group that has a specific purpose

Concurring opinion

An opinion written by a justice in the majority but for diffrent reasons

Constitution

A written plan for government

Defamatory speech

False speech that damages a person's reputation

Democracy

A government in which the people rule

Dissenting opinion

An opinion written by a justice disagreeing with the majority

Economy

Organized system used to manage a country's resources and productivity

Elector

A person appointed to vote in the Electoral college.

Exclusive jurisdiction

Authority of only federal courts to hear and decide certain cases

Expressed powers

powers in the constitution used only by the national government

Federal bureaucracy

Includes cabinet departments, independent agencies and their workers

Federalism

Government system where power is shared between tha national and state levels

Fillibuster

The act of talking a bill to death

Free enterprise

Businesses can compete with others for profit without government interference

General election

an election in whichvoters choose people for various offices

Government

The ruling authority of a comunity

Impeach

Accusing a government official of misconduct

Judicial review

Power to say wether laws or actions are constitutional

Legislature

A law-making group of people

Majority

Getting more that half of the votes available

Naturalization

A legal process needed to follow in order to obtain citizenship

Original jurisdiction

Authority of a court to hear a case for the first time

Pardon

Legally releasing a person from their punishment by the president

Political appointee

A person hired by the president to a federal position

Political Party

Voters with common beliefs who wans to control the government

Preamble

This part of the constitution explains the purpose of the constitution

Primary election

An election where voters choose candidates to run for presidency

Prior Restraint

The censorship of information before it has been published or broadcasted

Public opinion

Ideas or attitudes that people hold about an issue

Reapportionment

The redistribution of representatives amongst the states following a census

Remand

To send a case back to a lower court to be tried again

Reprieve

The postponment of a persons' punishment by the president

Reserved powers

powers kept for the state to use

Scarcity

the fundimental economic problems

Seditious speech

Urging resistance to or promoting the overthrow of the government

Treaty

An agreement made between governments of two or mre countries

Winner-take-all-system

Whoever gets the most popular votes gets all the electoral votes from a state

Veto

the act of refusing to sign a bill

Voting

The right to choose candidates to run for president.

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