Cytoskeleton

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22 terms · Detailed overview of the cytoskeleton.

Maintenance of cell shape

Name of function of the cytoskeleton in holding the cell together and preventing it from taking up undesirable forms.

Anchorage of cellular organelles

Name of function of the cytoskeleton in holding intracellular structures in fixed places.

Intracellular transport

Name of function of the cytoskeleton in moving molecules and vesicles within the cell.

Cell-Cell adhesion

Name of function of the cytoskeleton in binding to and holding together groups of other cells.

Cell Motility

Name of the function of the cytoplasm in moving it's cell.

Microtubules

Name of the largest cytoskeletal element.

Intermediate filaments

Name of the cytoskeletal element with a diameter of 8-12 nm.

Microfilaments

Name of the smallest cytoskeletal element.

Intermediate filaments

Name of the cytoskeletal element which has a major role of structure and tension bearing in the cell.

Intermediate filaments

Name of the most stable cyotskeletal element.

Intermediate filaments

Name of the least soluble component of the cytoskeleton.

6

Total number of major classes of intermediate filaments.

Tonofilaments

Name of intermediate filaments made up of keratin.

Tonofilaments

Name of intermediate filaments responsible for maintaining mechanical strength in cells.

Acidic cytokeratins

Name of Class I intermediate filaments.

Basic cytokeratins

Name of Class II intermediate filaments.

Mechanical strength

Function of Acidic cytokeratins.

Mechanical strength

Function of Basic cytokeratins.

Hard keratins

Type of keratin found in hair and nails.

Cytokeratins

Type of keratin found in epithelium.

Desmin

Class III intermediate filament which functions as structural support for contractile machinery.

Vimentin

Class III intermediate filament found in fibroblast cells and functions as maintenance of cell shape.

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