Marbury v. Madison
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
McCulloch v. Maryland
Because of the Supremacy Clause and because "the power to tax is the power to destroy," states cannot tax the federal government or any of its entities
Gibbons v. Ogden
Only Congress has the ability to regulate trade between states, per the interstate commerce clause.
Dredd Scott v. Sanford
The Marshall Court ruled that slaves were not people, therefore could not bring cases to court. This also invalidated the Missouri Compromise
Plessey v. Ferguson
Established "separate but equal."
Korematsu v. US
Allowed for Japanese internment camps because protecting the nation took priority over protecting minority rights.
Brown v. Board of Education
Supreme Court unanimously ruled that there was no such thing as "separate but equal."
Mapp v. Ohio
Court decided that you need a warrant to search someone's house.
Gideon v. Wainwright
Affirmed the right to legal council; a person who cannot afford an attorney may have one appointed by the government
Miranda v. Arizona
Under the 5th Amendment, you must be read your rights when you are arrested.
Tinker v. DeMoines
Students retain the right of freedom of speech at school as long as it does not disrupt education.
Roe v. Wade
Because of her right to privacy, a woman is allowed to get an abortion whenever she damn well pleases.
US v. Nixon
Executive privilege only goes so far; no president is above the law.
Regents of University of California v. Bakke
Illegalized racial quotas in admissions systems. However, affirmative action is still allowed, as race can be a "plus."
Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier
Schools can censor students' right to free speech if there are "legitimate pedagogical concerns." That principal was still a dick, however.
Texas v. Johnson
Flag burning is speech, protected by the 1st Amendment.
New Jersey v. TLO
Schools do not need a warrant for search and seizure.