Contest to see who could get to the moon faster (US and Soviets). Sputnik (Soviets) first satellite on the moon. US had first man on the moon.
Democratic. "The buck stops here." Missouri farmer, had a clothing store, WW1 veteran, and senator. VP under FDR. Ended WW2 with atom bomb.
Past in 1947. 16 nations agreed to the plan. Successfully rebuilt much of Europe and the US donated $14 billion to European nations.
A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
US policy of supporting nations financially and militarily to help stop the spread of communism.
1948. Soviets take over countries. US and Britain brought supplies. MacArthur outlawed militarism. (West Berlin - communist, East Berlin - democrats, West Germany - democrats, East Germany - communist).
Lawyer turned guerilla fighter. Overthrew General Batista. Established communist government in Cuba in 1959. Imprisons/executes political enemies. Cuba's economy is supported by USSR (75%).
National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
V2→ race to space→Sputnik (1957)→US pushed for math/science in schools→NASA (1958)
GI Bill of Rights
Passed in 1944. Provided veterans with college tuition assistance and low interest mortgages for houses.
Plessy Vs. Ferguson
1896. Supreme court rules in favor of segregation as long as separate but equal.
Desegregation of the US Military
July 1948. Executive order 9981. President Truman ended segregation.
Little Rock 9
1957. Arkansas. Orval Faubus ordered Arkansas National Guard to keep students away but Eisenhower called the 101st Airborne Division to escort kids to school.
Republican, "I like Ike", 1953-1961. Grew up in Kansas and retired in PA. Tough on communism but known for spreading peace. Pushed for US highway system, backed Civil Rights, and balanced the budget.
1950 - 1953. In June of 1950, North Korean communists crossed the border into South Korea, and pushed back South Korean forces. UN sent troops; mostly US and South Korean soldiers. They surprise attacked North Korea and eventually pushed them back and invaded North Korea.
Took over Korea in early 1900s. After WW2, they were pushed out and Korea was divided into North and South Korea.
During the Korean Conflict, they sent troops to back North Korea, forcing UN to retreat back to South Korea.
Year that a cease fire agreement was signed and kept the border at North Korea and South Korea.