5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- intraoperative phase
- immediate postoperative phase follow the ABCS of
- ADMISSION STATUS THREE TYPES
- a having an interpreter (often a hired one) is important, depending of the sensitivity of the subject under discussion, because of modesty, a female family member is expected to be at the bedside to provide care and comfort. men are the decision makers and support the family; therefore speaking with the male head of the family may be necessary.
- b AMBULATORY (outpatient): patient who enters setting, has surgical procedure, and is discharged the same day. e.g., breast biopsy, cataract extraction, hemorrhoidectomy, scar revision.
SAME-DAY ADMIT: patient who enters hospital and undergoes surgery on the same day and remains for convalescence e.g. carotid endaterectomy, cholecystectomy, mastectomy,
INPATIENT: patient who is admitted to hospital and undergoes surgery, and remains in hospital and for convalescence e.g., amputation, heart transplant, laryngectomy, resection of aortic aneurysm.
- c Airway
- d bleeding tendencies or the use of medications that deter clotting, such as ASPIRIN or products containing ASPIRIN, HEPARIN, OR WARFARIN SODIUM. HERBAL medications may also increase bleeding times or mask potential blood-related problems.
- e preanesthesia care unit
skin prep (hair removal)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- the administration of drugs to depress the CNS provides analgesia
primary uses (burn dressing changes, cosmetic surgery, and pulmonary biopsy and bronchoscopy)
advantages (level of consciousness is there)
pt have to be monitor
- relate to:
excess intake of food
- maintain patency: keep head tilted up and back; position on side with the face down and the neck slightly extended.
note presence or absence of gag or swallowing reflex; stay at bedside until gag reflex returns.
suction until awake and alert.
provide oxygen if necessary
- paralitic ileus
a decrease or absence of peristalsis this may occur after abdominal surgery
5 True/False Questions
potassium is also lost during → catabolism (tissue breakdown from severe trauma or crush injuries)
loss of grastric secretions can result in → chloride loss, producing metabolic alkalosis. electrolytes are often added to the IV solution in the form of potassium chloride (KCl)
fluids and electrolytes → increased incidence of latex allergies presenting in the health care department
nursing interventions to reduce risk to latex sensitive patient
manifestations of hypervolemia → decreased tissue perfusion; decreased blood volume: hypotension, tachycardia, oluria, tissue dehydration: loss of skin turgor, temp. elevation; BUN, USG, hematocrit elevated
The stage of general anesthesia that includes the administration of anesthetic agents and endotracheal intubation is: → Life threatening deep-vein thrombosis ans pulmonary embolism. no only surgery injure blood vessels, but anesthesia and inactivity also cause venous stasis.