Foodborn Illnesses and their causes

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Foodborne Illnesses caused by viruses, Bacteria, Parasites and Toxins

Hepatitis A

virus found in the feces of infected people. Transfered when food, water or equipment are tuched by fingers contaminated by feces. small amounts can cause illness and carrier may go weeks without symptoms. cooking does not destroy the virus.

Symptoms commonly related to Hepatitis A

Mild Fever; General weakness; nausea; abdominal pain; and Jaundice in late stages

Foods commonly related to Hepatitis A

Ready-to-eat;
Shellfish from contaminated water

Pervention of Hepatitis A

Exclude sick employees;
wash hands;
minimize bare hand contact with food;
buy from reputable and approved suppliers

Noro-virus Gastroenteritis

Virus Linked to ready-to-eat foods & contaminated water. Transfered when food is tuched by feces contaminated fingers. small amounts make people sick & highly contagious within a few hours; contagens remain for days after symptoms have ended

What virus causes Noro-virus Gastroenteritis

Noro-virus

Symptoms commonly related to Noro-virus Gastroenteritis

vomiting; diarrhea; nausea; abdominal cramps

Foods commonly related to Noro-virus Gastroenteritis

Ready-to-eat;
Shellfish from contaminated water

Pervention of Noro-virus Gastroenteritis

Exclude sick employees;
wash hands;
minimize bare hand contact with food;
buy from reputable and approved suppliers

Bacillus, Cereus, Gastroenteritis

spore forming bacteria found in soil.; When allowed to grow to high levels; Bacteria produces; 2 different toxins; that cause; 2 different illnesses

What Bacteria causes Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis

Bacillus Cereus

Symptoms commonly related to Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis Diarrhea

watery diarrhea
No vomiting or Nausea

Symptoms commonly related to Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis Vomiting

nausea
Vomiting
no diarrhea

Foods commonly related to Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis diarrhea

cooked vegies; meat products; milk

Symptoms commonly related to Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis Vomiting

cooked rice dishes including fried rice and rice pudding

Pervention of Bacillus Cereus Gastroenteritis

cook food to minimum internal temperature;
hold at proper temperature;
cool correctly

Listeriosis

Bacteria found in soil, water, and plants. grows in cool moist environments. uncommon in healthy people; but high-risk populations are vulnerable

What bacteria causes Listeriosis

Listeria; (Monocytogenes) mon-o-si-ta-hj-uh-neez

Symptoms commonly related to Listeriosis

pragnant women = miscarriages
newborns = sepsis; Pneumonia; Meningitis

Foods commonly related to Listeriosis

Raw meat; unpasteurized dairy; ready-to-eat foods

Pervention of Listeriosis

throw out expired food items;
cook meat to minimum internal temperature;
prevent cross-contamination
avoid unpasteurized dairy

shiegellosis

Bacteria found in feces of humans who have consumed contaminated food or water. flies also transfer bacteria from feces to food. small amounts will make people sick. High levels can remain in feces for weeks after symptoms end

what bacteria causes shiegellosis

Shigella

Symptoms commonly related to shiegellosis

bloody diarrhea;
abdominal pain and cramps;
occasionally fever

Foods commonly related to shiegellosis

ready-to-eat foods;
food contaminated by contaminated water

Pervention of shiegellosis

exclude sick employees;
wash hands;
control flies inside and outside of operation

Staphylococcal, Gastroenteritis

Bacteria found in human hair, nose, throat, and infected cuts. Transmition occurs when carrier tuches these areas and fails to wash hands. if allowed to grow to high numbers toxins that can not be destroyed by cooking or freezing will be released

what bacteria causes Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis

Staphylococcus, Aureus

Symptoms commonly related to Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis

nausea;
vomiting and retching;
abdominal cramps

Foods commonly related to Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis

ready-to-eat foods

Pervention of Staphylococcal Gastroenteritis

wash hands and arms;
cover wounds on hands and arms;
hold, cool, and reheat correctly.

Vibrio, Gastroenteritis, and Virbio, Vulnificus, primary, Septicemia

Bacteria found in water around shellfish harvesting locations.; Will grow rapidly in temperature danger zone.; people with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, can contract, primary, Septicemia, which can cause death

what bacteria causes Vibrio Gastroenteritis and Virbio Vulnificus primary Septicemia

Virbio, Vulnificus, and Vibio, (parahaemolyticus), vib-ree-o-pair-uh-hee-mo-lit-ih-kus

Symptoms commonly related to Vibrio Gastroenteritis and Virbio Vulnificus primary Septicemia

diarrhea;
abdominal cramps & nausea;
vomiting;
low-grade fever & chills

Foods commonly related to Vibrio Gastroenteritis and Virbio Vulnificus primary Septicemia

Oysters from contaminated water

Pervention of Vibrio Gastroenteritis and Virbio Vulnificus primary Septicemia

cook to minimum internal temperature

Anisakiasis

parasite found in raw or undercooked fish

What Parasite causes Anisakiasis

Anisakis simplex

Symptoms commonly related to Anisakiasis

tingling in the throat;
coughing up worms

Foods commonly related to Anisakiasis

raw and under cooked fish such as; herring; cod; halibut; Mackerel; pacific samon

Pervention of Anisakiasis

cook fish to minimum internal temperature;
if serving raw or undercooked; purchase sushi-grade fish that has been frozen properly

(Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis

parasite found in feces of infected people. Transmition occurs when food is tuched by contaminated fingers.;; day-cares and medical communities have high person-to-person contamination.;; symptoms are more severe in weekend immune systems

What Parasite causes (Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis

(Cryptosporidium parvum) krip-toh-spor-id-ee-um,.; par-vum

Symptoms commonly related to (Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis

watery diarrhea;
abdominal cramps;
nausea;
weight loss

Foods commonly related to (Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis

contaminated water;
produce

Pervention of (Cryptosporidiosis) krip-toh-id-ee-o-sis

properly treated water;
Exclude sick employees;
wash hands

Giardiasis

parasite found in the feces of infected people. transmition occurs when food is tuched with contaminated fingers

What Parasite causes Giardiasis

Giardia, duodenalis, AKA, G. lambia or G. intestinalis

Symptoms commonly related to Giardiasis

fever in early stages;
in advanced stages;
diarrhea;
abdominal cramps;
nausea

Foods commonly related to Giardiasis

improperly treated water;
produce

Pervention of Giardiasis

properly treated water;
exclude sick employees;
wash hands

Scombroid, poisoning

AKA histamine poisoning.; caused by consuming high levels of histamine found in some fish species. toxin is released by bacteria on Time temperature abused fish. can not be destroyed by cooking, freezing, smoking, or curing

What Toxin causes Scombroid, poisoning

histamine

Symptoms commonly related to Scombroid, poisoning

early stages;
reddening of face & neck;
sweating;
headache;
burning or tingling sensation in mouth or throat.;.;
late stages;
diarrhea;
vomiting

Foods commonly related to Scombroid, poisoning

Tuna; bonito; Mackerel; Mahi mahi

Pervention of Scombroid, poisoning

prevent time tempature abuse during storage and perparation

cigautera, fish, poisoning

Cigua-toxin found in certain marine algae.; builds up in fish that eat fish that have eaten toxic algae. cannot be smelled or tasted & is not destroyed by cooking or freezing.; symptoms can last months or years depending on severity

What Toxin causes cigautera, fish, poisoning

Cigua-toxin

Symptoms commonly related to cigautera, fish, poisoning

reversal of hot and cold sensations;
nausea;
vomiting;
tingling in fingers, lips, and toes;
joint and muscle pain

Foods commonly related to cigautera, fish, poisoning

predatory tropical fish from pacific ocean; western indean ocean; & caribbean sea; examples include; Barracuda; Grouper; Jacks; Snapper

Pervention of cigautera, fish, poisoning

purchase from approved, reputable, suppliers

Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP

Saxi-toxin Contamination occures when shellfish filter toxins out of algae. eating contaminated shellfish causes illness. Toxin cannot be smelled or tasted or destroyed by heat or freezing. death from paralysis may accure in extreem cases

PSP

Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning

What Toxin causes Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP

Saxi-toxin

Symptoms commonly related to Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP

numbness;
tingling of mouth, face, arms, & legs;
dizziness;
nausea;
vomiting;
diarrea;
death in extreem cases

Foods commonly related to Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP

cold water shellfish from places such as the pacific & new england coast; examples include; clams; mussels; oysters; scallops

Pervention of Paralytic Shellfish Poisoning; PSP

purchase from approved, reputable, suppliers

Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP

Breve-toxin Contamination occures when toxins are filtered out of algae by shellfish. eating contaminated shellfish will cause illness. Toxin can not be smelled or tasted or destroyed by heat or freezing.

NSP

Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning

What Toxin causes Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP

Breve-toxin

Symptoms commonly related to Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP

tingling & numbness of lips; tongue; & throat;
dizziness;
reversal of hot & cold sensations;
vomiting;
diarrea;

Foods commonly related to Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP

wormer water shelfish typically from the west coast of florida; gulf of mexico; and the caribean sea; examples include; clams; mussels; oysters

Pervention of Neuro-toxin Shellfish poisoning; NSP

purchase from approved, reputable, suppliers

Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP

Domoic Acid Contamination occures when shellfish filter toxins from algae. Eating contaminated shellfish causes illness. severity and Symptoms very by amount & health. Toxin cannot be smelled or tasted or destroyed by heat or freezing.

ASP

Amnesic Shellfish poisoning

What Toxin causes Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP

Domoic Acid

Symptoms commonly related to Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP

early stages:
Vomiting; diarrhea; abdominal pain;
late stages:
confusion; memory loss; disorientation; seizure; coma

Foods commonly related to Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP

shelfish found in coastal waters of pacific north west and east coast of canada; examples include: Clams; mussels; oysters; scallops

Pervention of Amnesic Shellfish poisoning; ASP

purchase from approved, reputable, suppliers

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