What factors made Germany the ideal place for the reform movement of the Catholic Church to take place?
bad working condition, low wages--> unhappy lower class
printing press spread ideas of Wycliffe, Huss, Socrates--> educated populace--> challenged old assumptions of church
Ger=conglomerate of states--> ppl wanted freedom & resented rule of church & Charles V--> looked for outlet
What was the political cause of the Protestant Reformation?
Secular rulers (not bound by religious duties) resented church's claim of authority over all Christians
England, France, Spain=centralizing their rule--> secular rulers believed they had absolute divine power
What was the religious cause of the Protestant Reformation?
Abuses & problems w/in church- sales of indulgences, lay investiture, simany
What was the intellectual cause of the Protestant Reformation?
renaissance & scientific ideas decreasing church's prestige
humanism--> challenge long accepted traditions
printing press--> allows new ideas to spread
university system--> more educated & less likely to accept church's beliefs