When was Age of Exploration?
What was the Age of Exploration?
time when there were more demand for imported goods and new places to export local products. Included Great Exchange
Spanish explorer who was the first to find the New World, which was the Americas, the Old World was Europe
What was the cause of Age of Exploration?
The need for more foreign and exotic goods let explorers find new trade routes
What was the effect of Age of Exploration?
Was an increased economy and trade and made Italy into a trading center and banking center
Sometimes called Henry the Navigator was a Portuguese Explorer who sailed down the western coast of Africa. Henry never actually sailed just sponsored these trips.
Connections between the AOE and SR, REF, REN, and Social and economic changes
People wanted more exotic things and had more free time which fueled new economic and ideas
portable device used by sailors to help them find their way, helped determine latitude
Beginning of Navigation
Sailors were able to go further than ever before, this was important because as the economy of Renaissance continued to improve, there was a higher demand for people to find new trade routes and import goods
When was the Renaissance?
1300's to 1500's
an outlook or system of attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters
rejection of religion's importance in civic and social matters
Invented printing press in 1445, enabled more people to buy books and learn to read
Upper class family from florence that helped establish the art of banking
famous sculptor and artist, made statue of david
leonardo da vinci
italian artist made the last supper and mona lisa
what was the cause of renaissance
bourgiosie had more leisure time which led to more time learning which led to better educational system and more litterate people which brought new ideas, demanded books in their own specific language instead of latin
what was the effect of renaissance
a boom in science, arts, socially, and political ideas
before 1300s medieval thought was scholasticism, after it was more humanist, which was a balance of intellectual reason and religious faith. emerged from economic stagnation to a time of financial growth. increased trade and ideas which led to reformation and scientific revolution.
what was the protestant reformation
16th century schism in western christianity initiated by Martin Luther, John Calvin, and other protestants
was sparked by the posting of Martin Luther's 95 Theses, which basically detailed what was wrong with the catholic church especially the sale of indulgences
german monk from wittenburg germany
what was the cause of protestant reformation
the catholic church had proved itself to be unable to fix the problems it had. so martin luther decided to try and fix them himself. the roman catholic church controlled all aspects all life, economic, political, and social protestants sought to fix this
results of the PR
there would not be modern science without reformation, the pilgrims would not have come to america, and ushered in the modern era
when was the reformation
officially started in 1517 with the publishing of 95 theses, ended in 1648
french theologin who was forced to move to switzerland there he began to try to reform the catholic church start his own called calvinism
john calvin vs martin luther
while they shared the same overall goal their biggest difference came in their thoughts on salvation, calvin believed in predestination, and luther did not.
what was the scientific revolution
through a long process a new way for understanding the natural world emerged
when was the scientific revolution
1550 to 1700
what were the causes of the scientific revolution
the link between navigation and astronomy influenced many astronomers to become interested in the stars, and exploration led to new discovery in plant and animal life. Ignited by scientists like copernicus
made heliocentric theory published in 1544 during the PR, biggest adversary was church
made laws of planetary motion, biggest foe was chruch
astronomer who invented teloscope biggest foe was church
made 3 laws of motion, and made laws of gravity, biggest foes were other scientists and personal life
studied astonomy and dissected cadavers biggest foe was chruch
discovered the circulatory system, physiologist, other scientists were his biggest foe
wrote book about science, gender was an obstacle
made the first microscope, wasnt very effective
developed binomial nomeclature, work was never finished
the golden mean was used by renaissance artists and had been used by greeks was a math ratio to determine what was beautiful
church in renaissance
when constructing chruches artists instead of using the cross as basis for structure used a circle
artists in renaissance
used more realism, light and dark more naked people, more people.
the process of bringing things from the old world like plants, crops, and animals to the new world.