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Oxytocin produced by

hypothalamus by posterior pituitary

Oxytocin targets

Uterus, mammary glands

Oxytocin action

stimulates labor contractions in uterus and milk ejection in mammary glands

Oxytocin mechanism of control

Neural

Oxytocin structure

amino acid-based

Antidiuretic hormone produced by

hypothalamus released by posterior pituitary

Antidiuretic hormone target

kidneys

Antidiuretic hormone action

promotes water retention to raise blood pressure, vasopressin

Antidiuretic hormone mechanism of control

Neural

Antidiuretic hormone structure

namino acid-based

Thyroid hormone produced by

thyroid gland

Thyroid hormone target

most tissue

Thyroid hormone action

increases metabolic rate (glucose oxidized, heat generated etc.)

Thyroid hormone mechanism of control

tropic hormonal

Thyroid hormone structure

amino acid-based

Calcitonin produced by

thyroid Gland

Calcitonin target

bone "osteoblast"

Calcitonin action

stimulates calcium phosphate disposition and bone tissue "to reduce blood calcium levels"

Calcitonin mechanism of control

humoral

Calcitonin structure

amino acid-based

Parathyroid hormone produced by

parathyroid glands

Parathyroid hormone target

bones kidneys and intestines

Parathyroid hormone action

stimulates osteoclast resorption of bone to released calcium and calcium absorption by kidneys and intestines

Parathyroid hormone mechanism of control

humoral

Parathyroid hormone structure

amino acid-based

Aldosterone produced by

zona glomerulosa of adrenal cortex

Aldosterone target

kidneys

Aldosterone action

increase sodium retention

Aldosterone mechanism of control

tropic hormonal

Aldosterone structure

steroid-based

Cortisol produced by

zona fasciclata of adrenal cortex

Cortisol target

most tissues

Cortisol action

increases energy supplies, controls stress

Cortisol mechanism of control

tropic hormonal

Cortisol structure

steroid-based

Renin produced by

kidneys

Renin target

Zona glomerulosa of adrenal cortex

Renin action

stimulates releases aldosterone

Renin mechanism of control

neural

Renin structure

amino acid based

Thymosin,thymopoetin produced by

Thymus

Thymosin,thymopoetin target

T. lymphocytes

Thymosin,thymopoetin action

stimulates T-cell maturation

Thymosin,thymopoetin mechanism of control

humoral

Thymosin,thymopoetin structure

amino-based

Atrial natriuretic peptide produced by

heart

Atrial natriuretic peptide target

kidneys

Atrial natriuretic peptide action

inhibits release of aldosterone, reduces the blood volume/pressure (tells kidneys to secrete salty urine)

Atrial natriuretic peptide mechanism of control

Humoral

Atrial natriuretic peptide structure

amino-based

erythropoietin produced by

kidneys

erythropoietin target

red bone marrow

erythropoietin action

stimulates red blood cells production and maturation

erythropoietin mechanism of control

humoral (blood oxygen concentration)

erythropoietin structure

amino acid-based

Cholecalciferol produced by

skin

Cholecalciferol target

intestines

Cholecalciferol action

stimulates calcium absorption

Cholecalciferol mechanism of control

neural

Cholecalciferol structure

steroid-based

Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin produced by

Enteroendocrine cells

Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin target

stomach, pancreas, liver, gallbladder

Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin action

stimulate HCG secretion, GI tracked mobility, release of bicarbonate rich juices, expulsion of bile, etc.

Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin control mechanism

humoral (food stimulates release)

Gastrin, secretin, cholecycstokinin structure

amino acid base

Growth hormone releasing hormone produced by

hypothalamus

Growth hormone releasing hormone target

anterior pituitary

Growth hormone releasing hormone action

stimulates growth hormone production

Growth hormone releasing hormone mechanism

humoral

Growth hormone releasing hormone structure

amino acid-based

Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone produced by

hypothalamus

Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone target

anterior pituitary adenohypophysis

Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone action

inhibits growth hormone production

Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone mechanism of control

humoral

Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone structure

amino acid-based

Leptin Produced by

adipose tissue

Leptin target

brain

Leptin action

fullness/satiety

Leptin mechanism of control

humoral

Leptin structure

amino acid-based

Corticotropin releasing hormone produced by

hypothalamus

Corticotropin releasing hormone target

interior pituitary

Corticotropin releasing hormone action

stimulated ACTH production

Corticotropin releasing hormone mechanism of control

humoral

Corticotropin releasing hormone structural

amino acid base

Gonadotropin releasing hormone produced by

hypothalamus

Gonadotropin releasing hormone target

anterior pituitary

Gonadotropin releasing hormone action

stimulates follicle stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone

Gonadotropin releasing hormone mechanism of control

humoral

Gonadotropin releasing hormone structure

amino acid-based

Prolactin releasing hormone produced by

hypothalamus

Prolactin releasing hormone target

anterior pituitary

Prolactin releasing hormone action

stimulates prolactin production

Prolactin releasing hormone mechanism of control

humoral

Prolactin releasing hormone structure

amino acid-based

Prolactin inhibiting hormone production by

hypothalamus

Prolactin inhibiting hormone target

anterior pituitary

Prolactin inhibiting hormone action

inhibits prolactin production

Prolactin inhibiting hormone mechanism of control

humoral

Prolactin inhibiting hormone structure

amino acid based

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