Portuguese the Navigator sponsors explorers at his school
Prince Henry 1430-1460
Portuguese first to round the Cape of Good Hope of southern Africa
Bartolomeu Dias 1488
Italian sailing under the flag of Spain, makes westward voyages and discovers land, thinking it's the Indies. Actually, he in the Caribbean.
Christopher Columbus 1492, 1493, 1498, 1502
Portuguese explorer voyages east around Africa to India and back to Portugal
Vasco da Gama 1497-1498
Italian explorer correctly identifies that the land across the Atlantic is a "New World". "America" is named after him by a map maker.
Amerigo Vespucci 1504
Spanish conquistador conquers the Aztecs in Mexico
Hernan Cortes 1519-1521
Portuguese explorer circumnavigates the world and is the first to prove the world is a globe.
Ferdinand Magellan 1519-1522
The Treaty of ??? divides the world between Portugal and Spain -- defines settlements and languages in the Americas