Humanities Semester 2 Exams Glossary
|British East India Company|| *The British company in control of South Asia|
*Ruled' 20% of world's population and controlled most sea routes
*Private investment company for trade in the 'East Indies'
|Archipelago|| *An island group|
*In a large chain or cluster
*Singapore is in the Malay Archipelago
|colony|| *a country or area|
*under full or partial control of another
*exploited or occupied by settlers from that country
|ethnic group|| *Members have a common heritage.|
*Singapore is a country made up many distinct ethnic groups.
*Ethnic groups usually have their own cultures.
|opium|| *an addictive drug that comes from the flower of the opium poppy|
*found in large quantities in Northern India and Afghanistan
*traded by the British EIC for Chinese tea
|Tamesek|| *ancient name for Singapore|
*means Sea Town or Sea Port
*dates Singapore back to 13th century CE
|Singapura|| historical name for Singapore|
means Lion City
name given by Sang Utama - a Sumatran ruler
|Raffles|| Founder of modern day Singapore in Feb 1819|
worked for the British East India company
introduced the ideas of free trade, religious tolerance and town planning
|Raffles Town Plan|| a plan made by Raffles to bring orderly development in early Singapore|
It consisted of setting up a modern grid network of roads
Divided areas into distinct areas for each ethnic group eg Chinatown for the Chinese.
|Suez Canal|| a man-made waterway connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea|
built by the French and opened in 1869
ships no longer had to sail around the Cape of Good Hope (Southern Africa)
|Immigrants|| people who come to live in another country|
moved due to push and pull factors
have made Singapore a multi-ethnic/religious country
|migration|| movement of people from place to place usually in search of work. |
Can be domestic (within a country) and is mainly urban to/from rural or international.
Migration happens because of push and pull factors.
|trade route|| A series of pathways connecting different countries|
Used to transport goods and cargo
Allows goods to reach distant places.