5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Warsaw Uprising (1944)
- Josef Stalin
- Bataan Peninsula
- a May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
- b dictator of the Soviet Union, turned the Soviet Union into a totalitarian state
- c The forced march of 100,000 American soldiers by Japanese forces after three months of fighting. Thousands died during the march by gunshot or beheading, others were killed less pleasantly (disembowelment and the like)
- d a struggle by the Polish Home Army to liberate Warsaw from Nazi German occupation during World War II. The Uprising began on 1 August 1944, as part of a nationwide rebellion. It was intended to last for only a few days until the Soviet Army reached the city. The Soviet advance stopped short, however, while Polish resistance against the German forces continued for 63 days until the Polish surrendered on 2 October.
- e An Enigma machine is any of a family of related electro-mechanical rotor cipher machines used for the encryption and decryption of secret messages. Enigma was invented by German engineer Arthur Scherbius at the end of World War I. The early models were used commercially from the early 1920s, and adopted by military and government services of several countries — most notably by Nazi Germany before and during World War II. Several different Enigma models were produced, but the German military models are the ones most commonly discussed.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Japan offered to liberate Southeast-Asian countries from western colonial rule but instead used them as conquered land for natural resources
- soldiers who are specifically trained for the role of fighting on foot to engage the enemy face to face and have historically borne the brunt of the casualties of combat in wars; divisions with a majority of infantry units.
- a tactic used by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan. The idea was to bypass the Japanese and instead concentrate the limited Allied resourced on important islands that were not well defended. The allies used submarine and air attacks which weakened the Japanese. It had an element of surprise and reached Japan more quickly.
- German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
- "Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
5 True/False Questions
Kursk → British Air Force
a Marxist and Maoist terrorist organization in Germany
Destroyer → a measuring instrument that sends out an acoustic pulse in water and measures distances in terms of the time for the echo of the pulse to return
Hideki Tojo → a small fast lightly armored but heavily armed warship
Battle of the Coral Sea → May 1942; Amer. and Australia stopped Japan's advance ; Allies intercepted the Japanese fleet as it attempted to take more territory; fought entirely by carrier-based planes
George Patton → German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)