Biology Ch. 17 Test Review

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1. What is the name given to the process by which a larva develops into an adult

metamorphosis

2. What type of animal are leeches & earthworms

annelid

3. Do arthropods have an exoskeleton or an endoskeleton

exoskeleton

4. What type of animal is a marsupial

mammal

5. What are features unique to mammals

hair and mammary gland

6. What type of animal are jellyfish, coral & sea anemone

cnidarians

7. What are the 4 characteristics chordates?

1. notochord
2. pharyngeal gill
3, dorsal
4. hallow nerve cord
5. post-anal tail

8. What type of animal is a monotreme

mammal

9. How do sponges differ from all other animals

no tissues

10. What type animal is are squid &mussels

mollusk

11. What has a medusa stage and a polyp stage

cnidarian

12. What type of animal is a salamander

amphibian

13. Is an earthworm's digestive tract complete or incomplete?

complete

14. How do monotremes reproduced?

lay eggs

15. What type of animal is a dog

mammal

16. What type of symmetry do mammal exhibit

bilateral

17. What type of animal are lobster, shrimp, crabs

crustacians

18. What type of animal is a alligator

reptile

19. What are animals characterized by a chitinous exoskeleton, molting, jointed appendages, and a body formed of distinct segments

arthropods

20. What type of animal are sponges

porifera

21. What is an example of an eutherian?

dog, cat, human

22. What is a hard skeleton is located within the soft tissue of an animal

endoskeleton

23. What is an example of a example of a roundworm

pinworm, hookworms

24. What is an example of flatworms

tapeworms

25. What allows mammals to live & be active in cold climates & perform strenuous activities for long periods of time

endothermy

26. What type of animal are starfish, sea urchins

echinoderms

27. What is an example of a monotreme?

echidna, platypus

28. What is an example of a marsupial?

koala, kangaroo

29. What is the simplest animal

sponge

30. What type of animal are scorpions & spiders

arachnids

31. In the evolution of animals there were three branching points, what was there order?

true tissues, body symmetry, body cavities

32. What is an animal without backbones?

invertebrate

33. What type of animal is a flatworm?

platyhelminthes

34. What is the most diverse group of arthropods

insects

35. What type of animal is a toad or frog

amphibian

36. Give an example of an object that exhibits radial symmetry

pie

37. What is The fully lined cavity between your outer body wall and your digestive tract

coelom

38. What is a body cavity not completely lined by mesodermal tissue

pseudocoelom

39. What is a hallow ball of cells that is an early embryonic stage?

blastula

40. What is a type of arthropod with four pairs legs and poisonous fangs?

arachnids

41. Which animal group is most closely related to chordates

echinoderms

42. What type of symmetry does a jellyfish exhibit

radial

43. What are largest group of mollusks including snails &slugs

gastropods

44. What include clams, mussels, scallops &oysters

bivalves

45. What molluscs that include squids and octopus

cephalopods

46. What name is given to the food-trapping cells of sponges

choanocytes

47. What is the sessile stage of a cnidarian?

polyp

48. What is the free swimming stage of the cnidarian?

medusa

49. What is the flexible tonguelike strip with teeth of a mollusk?

radula

50. What was the first vertebrate

jaw-less fish

51. What animal means double life because they live both their larval stage in water and adult stage on land

amphibian

52. What protects a fishes gills

operculum

53. There are more species of this than of any other type of animal

arthropods

54. What characteristic of arthropods that has allowed for their great success

specialized segementation

55. The arthropod skeleton is composed of

chitin

56. What invertebrate are mostly aquatic

crustaceans

57. Which came first Australopithecus or Homo neanderthalensis

australopitheecus

58. What is an animal with a backbone?

vertebrate

59. Molluscs are recognized based on what?

visceral mass

60. What is an example of a mollusc that does not have a shell?

octupus, squid

61. What characteristic is unique to echinoderms?

water vascular system

62. What are the invertebrate groups?

sponges, cnidarians, flatworms, roundworm, mollusk, arthropods, and echinoderms

63. What are the vertebrate groups?

mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, fish

64. What human evolution like a ladder or a multi-branched bush?

multi-branced bush

65. What group may have given rise to amphibians?

lobed-finned fish

66. What type of mammal are humans

primates

67. Give an example of a type of Osteichthyans, bony fishes.

salmon

68. What is a row of sensory organs along each side of a fish's body to detect vibrations

lateral line

69. What is the feature present in reptiles and absent in amphibians that freed reptiles from dependence on water for reproduction?

amniotic egg

70. What type of animal are Roundworms

nematodes

71. How have birds bodies evolved (for what purpose)

flying

72. What are the 2 adaptations that reptiles have for dry land

water-proof eggs and amniotic egg

73. What type of reproduction do both reptiles and birds have?

eggs

74. What helps bony fish maintain buoyancy

swim bladder

75. What are the mammalian groups that lacks a placenta?

monotremes and marsupials

76. What is the simplest animals with bilateral symmetry

flatworms

77. What is the egg-laying mammals?

monotreme

78. What type of animal are butterflies, dragonflies, ants

insects

79. What are pouched mammals

marsupials

80. What type of animal is a dinosaurs

reptiles

81. Where did humans originate?

africa

82. Which hominid appears to have been the first to use simple stone tools?

homo habilis

83. What are the 2 unique characteristics of a vertebrate?

backbone and cranium

84. Give an example of a jaw-less fish

agnatha or lamprey

85. An advantage of a segmented body is

the ability to function even when some of the segments are damaged

86. What type of animal has their body temperature determined primarily by the environment

ecotherm

87. Give an example of a type of Chondrichthyans, cartilaginous fishes

shark, ray

88. What was the most radical anatomical change in human evolution?

walking upright

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