the roaring twenties people and places

14 terms by szdrahal 

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amelia earhart

first woman aviator to fly solo nonstop across the Atlantic (1928)

al capone

A famous Chicago gangster who made a fortune ($60 million in one year) off of bootlegging, and "murdered" his way to the top of the crime network, buying off public officials, the police, and judges. He was not convicted of any wrongdoing, however, until a judge in a federal court convicted him of income-tax evasion and sent him to jail in 1931.

louis armstrong

Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.

langston hughes

African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.

kkk

Stands for Ku Klux Klan and started right after the Civil War in 1866. The Southern establishment took charge by passing discriminatory laws known as the black codes. Gives whites almost unlimited power. They masked themselves and burned black churches, schools, and terrorized black people. They are anti-black and anti-Semitic.

babe ruth

The son of a saloon keeper, grew up on the Baltimore waterfront and in the St. Mary's Industrial School for Boys. He spent six seasons with the Boston Red Sox, primarily as a pitcher, winning 89 games and three championship rings. He also distinguished himself at bat, setting a record in 1919 with 29 home runs. Debt-ridden Red Sox owner Harry Frazee sold him to the Yankees to finance a Broadway production of No, No, Nanette. Since then, the Yankees have won 26 championships, 4 of which with this player. (famous baseball player)

jack dempsey

this famous boxer most famously held the World Heavyweight Title from 1918-1926 while also setting numerous financial and attendance records at the venues where his fights took place

henry ford model T

built in 1908. Nicknamed "Tin Lizzie" by the public. Easy to repair and maintain, not fancy or flashy, produced only in the color black. Durable, reliable, could be driven on any surface [important, since most roads in the 1920's were unpaved and filled with potholes and ruts] -- Henry Ford wanted to create a vehicle "so low in price that no man making a good salary will be unable to buy one." The Model T was fairly inexpensive compared to previous automobiles.

flapper

(1) a new kind of woman in the 1920s who was flamboyant, liberated, and pleasure-seeking; she was young, slim and had a tomboyish look (bobbed hair) with fringed miniskirts, long necklaces and rolled stockings; (2) a kind of woman who became a symbol of the Jazz Age and the sexual revolution--though more oftan a media image than a reality

scopes trial

1925. Also known as the Scopes Monkey Trial. This trial was a legal case that challenged the Butler Act, which made it unlawful in Tennessee to teach theories in school that denied the biblical story of creation and instead promoted the idea that man descended from a lower order of animals. The trial drew intense publicity, and the ACLU originally intended to oppose the Butler Act on the reasoning that it violated individual rights and academic freedom, making it unconstitutional, but this strategy later changed, and Clarence Darrow attacked the literal interpretation of the Bible, as well as prosecutor William Jenning Bryan's knowledge of science and other religions. The judge, John T. Raulston, was accused of being biased towards the prosecution. While Bryan came across as aged and foolish, the prosecution won the trail and the teacher was fined. It likely stopped the passage of similar laws in other states to prevent ridicule, and the trial is often regarded as a turning point in the creation-evolution debate.

charles lindbergh

an American aviator, engineer , and Pulitzer Prize winner. He was famous for flying solo across the Atlantic, paving the way for future aviational development.

duke ellington

Grammy Award-winning jazz pianist, composer, and orchestra leader considered the most prolific composer and best-known figure in jazz history. Ellington's orchestra featured jazz's biggest names and achieved an almost perfect unity of style, making tremendous progress in the jazz idiom. His works include "Mood Indigo" (1930), "Black, Brown and Beige" (1943), and "Night Creatures" (1955).

warren harding

Pres.1921 laissez-faire, little regard for gov't or presidency. "return to normalcy" after Wilson + his progressive ideals. Office became corrupt: allowed drinking in prohibition, had an affair, surrounded himself w/ cronies (used office for private gain). Ex) Sec. of Interior leased gov't land w/ oil for $500,000 and took money himself. Died after 3 years in office, VP: Coolidge took over

calvin coolidge

became president when Harding died of pneumonia. He was known for practicing a rigid economy in money and words, and acquired the name "Silent Cal" for being so soft-spoken. He was a true republican and industrialist. Believed in the government supporting big business.

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